E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital

Priyanka S, Vasundara K, Girish K.

Abstract
Background: Increasing use of drugs has led to drug-drug interactions (DDIs) which necessitate their awareness among the health-care providers to reduce the hospital admissions due to their adverse drug reactions.

Aim and Objectives: This study aims to assess and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of DDIs among interns and nurses and to evaluate the impact of an educational program with a pre-and post-test questionnaire.

Materials and Methods: An educational program about DDIs was conducted for the interns and nurses to evaluate their KAP by a pre-test and post-test pre-verified 20-point questionnaire about DDI.

Results: There was a statistical significant difference (P < 0.05) in gender (females: Males = 77:16) among the interns and nurses and their mean age was 23 ± 0.87 years and 21.3 ± 0.83 years, respectively. Both the groups fared well in post-test compared to pre-test in the knowledge (questions=7), attitude (questions=5), and practice (questions=8) domain which was statistically significant. On comparing the post-test scores, both the groups showed no difference statistically (P > 0.05) in the knowledge and attitude domain, while the nurses group showed more improved mean score than interns in terms of practice of DDI.

Conclusion: The educational program about DDIs was effective among the interns and nurses with regard to their KAP assessment and they equally performed well. This implies that the awareness program about DDIs was successful among the interns and nurses who form the lower strata in delivering the health-care needs to the society.

Key words: Drug-drug Interactions; Adverse Drug Interactions; Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Questionnaire


 
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Pubmed Style

S P, K V, K G. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(1): 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021


Web Style

S P, K V, K G. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=127568 [Access: May 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S P, K V, K G. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(1): 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S P, K V, K G. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited May 02, 2022]; 12(1): 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021



Harvard Style

S, P., K, . V. & K, . G. (2022) A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (1), 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021



Turabian Style

S, Priyanka, Vasundara K, and Girish K. 2022. A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (1), 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021



Chicago Style

S, Priyanka, Vasundara K, and Girish K. "A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, Priyanka, Vasundara K, and Girish K. "A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.1 (2022), 79-83. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, P., K, . V. & K, . G. (2022) A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of drug-drug interactions among interns and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (1), 79-83. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.109351202119112021