E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh.

Abstract
Background: There is an emerging epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) among children and adolescents due to increased prevalence of obesity. Indians have a genetic phenotype characterized by low body mass index (BMI), high upper body adiposity, and high body fat percentage (BF%) leading to an increased prevalence of metabolic perturbations and DM.

Aims & Objective: To determine the effect of body fat mass on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents during early, middle, and late adolescence.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 468 Gujarati Indian adolescents of age group 13–20 years. Adiposity was assessed using BMI, BF%, fat mass, fat mass index (FMI), and waist circumference (WC). The blood glucose level was measured in the fasting state. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was determined to assess the correlation of adiposity markers with fasting blood glucose level.

Results: During early adolescence, in boys, BF% and FMI and in girls, BMI has the strongest positive correlation with fasting blood sugar (FBS), whereas during late adolescence WC shows the strongest significant positive correlation as compared to other parameters in both genders.

Conclusion: This study indicates that central adiposity influences the blood glucose level more strongly than total adiposity in late adolescent phase in Gujarati Indian adolescents.

Key words: Waist Circumference; Adiposity; Blood Glucose Level; Adolescents; Guajarati


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141


Web Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=159300 [Access: August 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2015), [cited August 23, 2019]; 5(1): 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141



Harvard Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh (2015) Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 5 (1), 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141



Turabian Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. 2015. Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (1), 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141



Chicago Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. "Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5 (2015), 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh. "Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5.1 (2015), 14-17. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Minal Chimanlal Patel, Wasim A Shaikh, Sushilkumar Singh (2015) Effect of total and central adiposity on the blood glucose level of Gujarati Indian adolescents. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (1), 14-17. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.050720141





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