E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur.

Abstract
Background: Anaemia is a global public health problem. Adolescents are vulnerable to iron deficiency because of increased iron requirements related to rapid growth. Considerable changes in growth pattern, lifestyle, dietary habits, and behavior are likely to influence the haemoglobin levels among adolescents belonging to high-income group.

Aims & Objective: The objective of the study was to determine haemoglobin status and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents and study the correlation between them.

Materials and Methods: Three hundred medical students of Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar, Punjab, India) belonging to both the sexes were studied after taking consent on format for anthropometric parameters using standard protocol. BMI of ≥18.5 kg/m2 was used to define undernutrition status. Haemoglobin level was estimated in g%. Statistical analyses were carried out using mean and standard deviation; Student’s t-test was used for measuring the effect of gender on correlation of Anaemia with BMI.

Results: In our study, 86 (45.7%) girl students were found to have Anaemia (Hb <12 g%) with only 2 (1.7%) boys had haemoglobin levels <12 g%; 67 (60%) boys were overweight whereas 34 (18%) girls showed undernutrition. A positive correlation of haemoglobin with grades of BMI was found in both in boys and girls; however, none of the correlation showed significance to the levels of <0.05.

Conclusion: Nutritional Anaemia and undernutrition prevailed more among girl students rather than boys in spite of being literate and having healthy nutritive diet. We recommend that adolescents be screened periodically for Anaemia, and multisectorial community-based approach should be adopted to combat this serious public health issue.

Key words: Body Mass Index (BMI); Anaemia; Adolescents; Nutritional Status


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Manjeet Kaur
Articles by Arvinder Singh
Articles by Roopam Bassi
Articles by Harkirat Kaur
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3892
Downloaded: 835
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. Kurz KM. Adolescent nutritional status in developing countries. Proc Nutr Soc. 1996;55:321-31. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations to prevent and control iron deficiency in the United States. MMWR Recomm Rep. 1998;47:1-29.
3. Li R, Chen X, Yan H, Deurenberg P, Garby L. Functional consequences of iron supplementation in iron-deficient female cotton mill workers in Bejing, China. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59:908-13.
4. Nelson M, Bakaliou F, Trivedi A. Iron deficiency anemia and physical performance in adolescent girls from different ethnic backgrounds. Br J Nutr. 1994;72:427-33. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Dallmon PR. Iron deficiency: does it matter? J Intern Med. 1989;226:367-72.
6. Scholl TO, Hedinger ML. Anemia and iron deficiency anemia: complication of data on pregnancy outcome. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;59:443.
7. Buzina R, Bates CG, van der Beek J, Brubacher G, Chandra RK. Workshop on functional significance of mild to moderate alnutrition. Am J Clinical Nutr. 1989;50:172.
8. Tatala TS, Svanberg U. Low dietary iron availability is a major cause of anemia: a nutritional survey in Lindi District of Tanzania. Am J Clinical Nutr. 1998;68:171.
9. Verma M, Chhatwal J, Kaur G. Prevalence of anemia among urban school children of Punjab. Indian Pediatr. 1998;35:1181-6.
10. Nagi M, Chawala S, Sharma S. A study on the nutritional status of adolescent girls. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1995;47:201-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Babitha B. Nutritional status of adolescent girls and impact of short term food supplementation with special reference to vitamin A and hemoglobin. J Commun Guid Res. 2003;20:121-31.
12. WHO/IASO/IOTF. The Asia-Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and its Treatment. Sydney: Health Communications, 2000.
13. Wintrobe MN. Clinical Hematology. 7th edn., Philadelphia, PA: LEA & Febiger, 1975. Pp. 114-15.
14. World Health Organization. Control of nutritional anemia with special reference to iron deficiency. Technical Report Series No. 580; 1975.
15. Hallberg L, Hulten L, Lindstedt G, Lundberg PA, Mark A. Prevalence of iron deficiency in Sweden adolescents. Pediatr Res. 1993;34:680. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Bruno DB, Erin M, Ines E, Mary C. Worldwide prevalence of anaemia 1993-2005: WHO global database on anaemia. WHO 1-40 2008.
17. Teoteja GS, Singh P. Micronutrient Profile in Indian Population (Part-1). New Delhi: Indian Council Medical Research, 2002. pp.131-140.
18. Choudhary SM, Dhage VR. A study of anemia among adolescent females in urban area of Nagpur. Indian J Commun Med. 2008;33:243-5. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
19. Kaur S, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. Epidemiological correlates of nutritional anaemia in adolescent girls of rural Wardha. Indian Commun Med J. 2006;31:255-8.
20. Peter R, Kumar R, Sangwan L, Pandey S. Prevalence of anemia and its correlation to body mass index: study among unmarried girls. Int Jf Basic Appl Med Sci. 2012;2(3):58-62.
21. Kaur IP, Kaur S. A comparison of nutritional profile and prevalence of anemia among rural girls and boys. J Exercise Sci Physiother. 2011;7(1):11-18.
22. Saxena Y, Shrivastava A, Saxcena V. Effect of gender on correlation of anemia with body mass index in medical students. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2011;55(4):364-9.
23. Thomsen K, Riis B, Krebbe S. Christiansen C. Testosterone regulates the hemoglobin concentration in male puberty. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1986;75:793-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24. Gupta A, Parashar A, Thakur A, Sharma D. Anemia among adolescent girls in Shimla hills of north India: Does BMI and onset of menarche have a role? Indian J Med Sci. 2012;66:126-30.
25. Reeves JT, Leon-Velarde F. Chronic mountain sickness: recent studies of the relationship between hemoglobin concentration and oxygen transport. High Alt Med Biol. 2004;5:147-55. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
26. Al-Sharbatti SS, Al-Ward NJ, Al-Timimi DJ. Anemia among adolescents. Saudi Med J. 2003;24:189-94.
27. Lukanova A, Lundin E, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A. Body mass index, circulating levels of sex-steroid hormones, IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3: a cross-sectional study in healthy women. Eur J Endocrinol. 2004;150:161-71. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
28. Cheng PP, Jiao XY, Wang XH, Lin JH, Cai YHepcidin expression in anemia of chronic disease and concomitant iron deficiency anemia. Clin Exp Med. 2011;11(1):33-42. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141


Web Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=164086 [Access: August 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2015), [cited August 23, 2019]; 5(1): 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141



Harvard Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur (2015) Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 5 (1), 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141



Turabian Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. 2015. Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (1), 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141



Chicago Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. "Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5 (2015), 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur. "Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5.1 (2015), 45-49. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Manjeet Kaur, Arvinder Singh, Roopam Bassi,Harkirat Kaur (2015) Nutritional status and anemia in medical students of SGRDIMSAR Amritsar. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (1), 45-49. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.180720141





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]