E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh.

Abstract
Background: Waist circumference (WC) (abdominal girth), a measure of both subcutaneous and visceral fats, is easily measured and also correlated with body frame size. Waist circumference (WC) and waist–hip ratio (WHR), but not body mass index (BMI), have also been identified as independent predictors of CVD risk, accounting for conventional risk factors in the Framingham risk score model.

Aims & Objective: To compare waist-related anthropometric measures such as waist circumference, waist–height ratio (WHtR), waist–hip ratio (WHR), and body mass index (BMI) as predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women.

Materials and Methods: This prospective study included 88 women aged 40–80 years. Waist circumference, hip circumference, height, weight, age, and other covariates were collected by a questionnaire. The primary end point was incident CHD that was reported by a physician. χ2-Test or Student’s t-test was used for comparison of quantitative data. The significance of the results was determined by 95% CI and a p value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.

Results: The mean age of the women was 59.07 ± 11.53 in the study group and 54.36 ± 10.84 in the control group. The waist circumference of the women in the study group was higher (95.443 ± 11.187) than that of the control group (74.886 ± 6.672) (p < 0.001). The mean WHR was 0.96 ± 0.08 in the study group and 0.78 ± 0.06 in the control group (p < 0.001). The mean WHtR was 0.62 ± 0.07 in the study group and 0.48 ± 0.04 in the control group (p < 0.001). Waist-derived measures were superior to BMI in predicting CHD. The unadjusted area under the ROC curve was 0.008 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.006–0.095) for WHtR, 0.001 (95% CI 0.00–0.002) for WHR, and 1 (95% CI 0.323–1.766) for BMI.

Conclusion: Waist-related anthropometric measures are important predictors of CVD risk among middle-aged and older women, as compared to BMI.

Key words: Waist- Related Anthropometric Measures; CVD Risk Factors; Coronary Heart Disease; Women


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142


Web Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=164940 [Access: August 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2015), [cited August 23, 2019]; 5(1): 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142



Harvard Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh (2015) Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 5 (1), 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142



Turabian Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. 2015. Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (1), 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142



Chicago Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. "Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5 (2015), 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh. "Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5.1 (2015), 60-64. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharanjit Kaur, Anand Sharma, Harinder Jot Singh (2015) Waist-related anthropometric measures: Simple and useful predictors of coronary heart disease in women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (1), 60-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.010820142





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