E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai

Mathava Kumar V, Anu S.

Abstract
Background: Falls and fractures are very common in the elderly due to reduced swiftness of the response, decreased attention, and concentration. Normal reference point of temperature and pain threshold also varies in old age adding to their chronic illness. Important factor contributing to this is an imbalance in the autonomic nervous system (ANS). As nostril breathing exercises were known to modulate the ANS, the present study was done to find out the immediate effect of slow right nostril breathing (RNB) and left nostril breathing (LNB) exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature in the elderly population.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to measure the effect of 30 min of RNB and LNB exercises on auditory and visual reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature in elderly individuals.

Materials and Methods: The study was done in the Department of Physiology of a Private Medical College in Madurai, on 30 healthy subjects aged 50–70 years. Reaction time was measured with discriminatory and choice time reaction apparatus, pain with digital algometer, and temperature with clinical thermometer.

Results: A significant decrease in reaction time and pain threshold (P < 0.001 and <0.001) was observed with RNB exercises without change in temperature (0.909). A significant increase in reaction time, pain threshold, and decrease in body temperature (P < 0.001, <0.001, and <0.001) was observed with LNB exercises.

Conclusion: RNB decreases reaction time and increases pain sensitivity without affecting body temperature. LNB increases reaction time but decreases pain sensitivity, and body temperature.

Key words: Breathing; Reaction Time; Pain; Temperature


 
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Pubmed Style

V MK, S A. Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018


Web Style

V MK, S A. Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=2097 [Access: June 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V MK, S A. Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V MK, S A. Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited June 02, 2022]; 8(11): 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018



Harvard Style

V, M. K. & S, . A. (2018) Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (11), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018



Turabian Style

V, Mathava Kumar, and Anu S. 2018. Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018



Chicago Style

V, Mathava Kumar, and Anu S. "Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V, Mathava Kumar, and Anu S. "Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.11 (2018), 1543-1547. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V, M. K. & S, . A. (2018) Immediate effect of slow right and left nostril deep breathing exercises on reaction time, pain sensitivity, and temperature of elderly population in Madurai. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724329082018