E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates

Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Firoz M Tadavi, Raakhi K Tripathi, Pankaj V Sarkate.

Abstract
Background: Learning styles (LSs) and learning approaches (LAs) of each medical student vary to a great extent. If LSs and LAs of the students are known, the teaching-learning programs can be developed in an appropriate way for better learning.

Aims and Objectives: The present study was designed to evaluate the change in LSs and LAs at different semesters of pharmacology curriculum and to correlate LSs and LAs with gender and academic performance in the 2nd year MBBS students.

Materials and Methods: LSs were determined using visual, auditory, reading/writing, kinaesthetic questionnaire. The ASSIST questionnaire was used to assess the LAs adopted by students. Studentís 3rd and 5th semester examination marks were considered for evaluating the performance of the students.

Results: Students in 3rd semester showed almost similar preference for multimodal (51%) and unimodal LS (49%). In the 5th semester, preference of these students for unimodal LS (55%) was higher than for multimodal LS (45%). Quadrimodal was the preferred multi-modal LS in both semesters while auditory was the preferred unimodal LS. Majority of students followed deep approach in both semesters. There was no significant difference in LSs and LAs between genders in both the semesters. Both LSs and LAs were not related to a studentís academic performance.

Conclusion: Students showed diverse LSs, i.e., unimodal and quadrimodal, while majority students preferred deep LA. The teachers have to evaluate the LSs and LAs of students and develop appropriate teaching methods. This can help students perform better both in and out of the classroom.

Key words: Learning Preferences; Academic Performance; Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing, Kinesthetic; ASSIST; Gender; Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing, Kinesthetic


 
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Pubmed Style

Jalgaonkar SV, Tadavi FM, Tripathi RK, Sarkate PV. Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018


Web Style

Jalgaonkar SV, Tadavi FM, Tripathi RK, Sarkate PV. Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=286202 [Access: July 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jalgaonkar SV, Tadavi FM, Tripathi RK, Sarkate PV. Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jalgaonkar SV, Tadavi FM, Tripathi RK, Sarkate PV. Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited July 16, 2018]; 8(7): 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018



Harvard Style

Jalgaonkar, S. V., Tadavi, F. M., Tripathi, R. K. & Sarkate, P. V. (2018) Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (7), 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018



Turabian Style

Jalgaonkar, Sharmila V, Firoz M Tadavi, Raakhi K Tripathi, and Pankaj V Sarkate. 2018. Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018



Chicago Style

Jalgaonkar, Sharmila V, Firoz M Tadavi, Raakhi K Tripathi, and Pankaj V Sarkate. "Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jalgaonkar, Sharmila V, Firoz M Tadavi, Raakhi K Tripathi, and Pankaj V Sarkate. "Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.7 (2018), 947-952. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jalgaonkar, S. V., Tadavi, F. M., Tripathi, R. K. & Sarkate, P. V. (2018) Learning styles and approaches toward pharmacology curriculum among medical undergraduates. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 947-952. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1248525022018





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