E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance

Geeta Shamnani, Vani Gupta, Rekha Jiwane, Shraddha Singh, Sunita Tiwari, Shekhawat Singh Bhartiy.

Abstract
Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a disorder affecting large number of population in terms of their physical and psychological well-being. A large number of college drop outs are because of PMS.

Aims and Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of presence of different symptoms of PMS and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) among medical college girls and its effect on their social and academic life.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in a medical college in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year MBBS student girls by providing them a questionnaire regarding the presence of different symptoms of PMS and PMDD and its impact on their academic and social performance.

Results: The prevalence of PMS was reported to be 65% in the present study. The most common somatic symptom was body pain (52%) and the most common affective symptom was irritability (50%). In spite of this, only 12% of individuals with PMS become absent in class and 32% avoid joining social functions. The prevalence of PMDD among the study population was 12%.

Conclusion: It is concluded from the present study that PMS and PMDD are very common problems among medical students affecting their educational and social activities.

Key words: Premenstrual Syndrome; Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder; Medical Students; Academic and Social Performance


 
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Pubmed Style

Shamnani G, Gupta V, Jiwane R, Singh S, Tiwari S, Bhartiy SS. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018


Web Style

Shamnani G, Gupta V, Jiwane R, Singh S, Tiwari S, Bhartiy SS. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=297728 [Access: July 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shamnani G, Gupta V, Jiwane R, Singh S, Tiwari S, Bhartiy SS. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shamnani G, Gupta V, Jiwane R, Singh S, Tiwari S, Bhartiy SS. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018



Harvard Style

Shamnani, G., Gupta, V., Jiwane, R., Singh, S., Tiwari, S. & Bhartiy, S. S. (2018) Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018



Turabian Style

Shamnani, Geeta, Vani Gupta, Rekha Jiwane, Shraddha Singh, Sunita Tiwari, and Shekhawat Singh Bhartiy. 2018. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018



Chicago Style

Shamnani, Geeta, Vani Gupta, Rekha Jiwane, Shraddha Singh, Sunita Tiwari, and Shekhawat Singh Bhartiy. "Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance." doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shamnani, Geeta, Vani Gupta, Rekha Jiwane, Shraddha Singh, Sunita Tiwari, and Shekhawat Singh Bhartiy. "Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance." doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shamnani, G., Gupta, V., Jiwane, R., Singh, S., Tiwari, S. & Bhartiy, S. S. (2018) Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder among medical students and its impact on their academic and social performance. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0415728042018





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