E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan.

Abstract
Background: Tobacco smoking in any form (cigarette, bidi etc.) has long been established as a risk factor for CAD (coronary artery disease) but a very little research has been done on tobacco chewing, which is restricted to South Asia (India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka) whether it increases risk for cardiovascular morbidity or not.

Aims & Objective: To assess the cardiovascular risks in tobacco chewers as compared to normal population of Aligarh a city of Western Uttar Pradesh.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in Department of Physiology, Department of TB Chest and Department of Medicine JNMCH, AMU Aligarh. The study consisted of 30 tobacco chewers (in any form) and 30 subjects without any history of tobacco consumption in any form. The age group varied from 20-60years. Anthropometric measurement age, weight, height, BMI, Pulse, SBP (systolic BP), DBP (Diastolic BP) and Lipid Profile estimation from blood sample.

Results: Anthropometric measurements did not show any significant change when compared in two groups (p > 0.05). Cardiovascular Parameters like, Systolic pressure (117.46 ± 11.07); diastolic pressure (83.37 ± 8.74); mean arterial pressures (93.40 ± 6.33) and pulse rate (84.29 ± 5.70), were significantly increased in chewers as compared to normal population (p < 0.05). Lipid Profile Parameters like, Total cholesterol (237.04 ± 82.6); HDL (45.54 ± 5.46); LDL (161.16 ± 76.7) were increased in chewers as compared to control (p < 0.05). Atherogenic index T Choles./HDL (5.22 ± 1.90); LDL/HDL (3.57±1.35); Non-HDL/HDL (4.3 ± 1.0), were also showed a significant increase (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: All these findings are suggestive that tobacco chewers are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases as compared to non-tobacco consuming population.

Key words: Cardiovascular Risks; Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP); Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP); Pulse; Lipid Profile; Tobacco Chewers; Normal Human beings


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132


Web Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=43153 [Access: June 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2014), [cited June 02, 2022]; 4(1): 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132



Harvard Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan (2014) Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 4 (1), 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132



Turabian Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. 2014. Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (1), 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132



Chicago Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. "Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4 (2014), 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan. "Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4.1 (2014), 76-79. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Salman Shafi Siddiqui, Azmat Rana, Sangeeta Singal, Deepak Kumar Pandey, Shadab Ahmad Khan (2014) Assessment of Cardiovascular risks of tobacco chewers by comparing it with normal human beings. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (1), 76-79. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.100920132