E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab

Rattan Lal Bassan, Kanwaljit Singh, Yash Pal Mitra, Anureet Mitra.

Abstract
Background: Estimating the HIV seroprevalence in a low-risk population such as pregnant women provide essential information for monitoring trend of HIV in the general population and assist in prevention from mother-to-child transmission.

Aim and Objectives: To assess and compare the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women during the past 5 years in Jalandhar dist. of Punjab (20162021).

Materials and Methods: All pregnant women coming to Antenatal Clinic in urban and rural areas, in Government health institutions were tested for HIV as a mandatory procedure, to prevent transmission of HIV from mother to child. The results of these tests were taken from HIMS reports of rural and urban health institutions in Jalandhar district, from local health authority for the past 5 years (20162021), after taking permission from Institutional Ethics Committee. Comparison of year-wise positivity was done after statistical analysis. It was a retrospective cross-sectional study of rural and urban population.

Results: The data shows that HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Jalandhar District for the past 5 years shows a decreasing trend. Prevalence which was 0.17% in 20162017 was reduced to 0.11% in 20202021.

Conclusion: Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women has shown a decreasing trend in Jalandhar district during the past 5 years (20162021).

Key words: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Pregnant Women; Prevalence; Punjab


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bassan RL, Singh K, Mitra YP, Mitra A. Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021


Web Style

Bassan RL, Singh K, Mitra YP, Mitra A. Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=112056 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bassan RL, Singh K, Mitra YP, Mitra A. Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bassan RL, Singh K, Mitra YP, Mitra A. Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021



Harvard Style

Bassan, R. L., Singh, . K., Mitra, . Y. P. & Mitra, . A. (2022) Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021



Turabian Style

Bassan, Rattan Lal, Kanwaljit Singh, Yash Pal Mitra, and Anureet Mitra. 2022. Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021



Chicago Style

Bassan, Rattan Lal, Kanwaljit Singh, Yash Pal Mitra, and Anureet Mitra. "Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab." doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bassan, Rattan Lal, Kanwaljit Singh, Yash Pal Mitra, and Anureet Mitra. "Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab." doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bassan, R. L., Singh, . K., Mitra, . Y. P. & Mitra, . A. (2022) Prevalence of HIV among pregnant women in Jalandhar district of Punjab. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.08295202127082021