E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic

Meenakshi Sharma, Sabita Yograj, Onkar Singh, Jyoti Rao, Jyoti Memoalia.

Abstract
Background: As the ongoing pandemic has triggered negative psychological effects and these negative effects have a role to play in affecting the quality of sleep, leading to sleep disorders. This demonstrates the need to implement the strategies which would be helpful in preventing and reducing the complications caused due to altered sleeping patterns.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the alteration in the sleep quality during pandemic.

Materials and Methods: A questionnaire-based survey scheduled for a month was conducted in the students, office, and health-care workers. Questionnaire was based on Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). This is a self-rated questionnaire which assesses sleep quality and disturbances over a 1-month time interval. The PSQI differentiates “poor” from “good” sleep by measuring seven components: Subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleep medication, and daytime dysfunction over the past 4 weeks. Consent was obtained from all participants and participation was voluntary.

Results: There was observed a decline in all the seven components of PSQI score, namely, subjective quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medications, and daytime dysfunction in COVID times as compared to the pre-COVID times.

Conclusion: Pandemic has led to the alteration of the sleeping patterns and has led to decline in the sleep quality index.

Key words: Sleep Patterns; Sleep Quality Index; Pandemic


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sharma M, Yograj S, Singh O, Rao J, Memoalia J. Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021


Web Style

Sharma M, Yograj S, Singh O, Rao J, Memoalia J. Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=137564 [Access: May 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma M, Yograj S, Singh O, Rao J, Memoalia J. Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma M, Yograj S, Singh O, Rao J, Memoalia J. Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, [cited May 02, 2022]; Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021



Harvard Style

Sharma, M., Yograj, . S., Singh, . O., Rao, . J. & Memoalia, . J. (2022) Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021



Turabian Style

Sharma, Meenakshi, Sabita Yograj, Onkar Singh, Jyoti Rao, and Jyoti Memoalia. 2022. Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021



Chicago Style

Sharma, Meenakshi, Sabita Yograj, Onkar Singh, Jyoti Rao, and Jyoti Memoalia. "Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Meenakshi, Sabita Yograj, Onkar Singh, Jyoti Rao, and Jyoti Memoalia. "Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. Web. 02 May 2022 doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, M., Yograj, . S., Singh, . O., Rao, . J. & Memoalia, . J. (2022) Evaluation of sleeping patterns during the pandemic. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 25 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11404202112112021