E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students

Anupinder Thind, Aditya Jain, Avnish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Ramta Bansal, Ravdeep Singh.

Abstract
Background: During MBBS course, the studentsÂ’ study about cardiovascular system (CVS) in physiology, pathology, pharmacology, preventive medicine, pediatrics, and medicine for the management and diagnosis of cardiovascular disorders. Blood pressure measurement is a common and a beneficial tool for the diagnosis of cardiovascular disorders (hypertension, hypotension, etc.) along with their treatment and management. Thus, knowing the proper technique of measuring blood pressure becomes an essential part of learning the course and management of cardiovascular disease. This study is designed to teach and train the first phase undergraduate students to measure blood pressure in a proper way so that they do not stumble on the first step of examination of CVS. Competency-based training is an outcome-based approach that involves identifying the skills acquired by Indian medical graduate. Competency-based teaching involves teaching of undergraduate students to support their achievement and assessment of the communication and technical skills and to develop their ability to interpret the results of blood pressure measurement for apt patient management.

Aim and Objectives: This study aims to assess and compare the effect of competency-based teaching and traditional teaching in learning the skill of blood pressure measurement.

Materials and Methods: Two hundred students were taken from Phase I undergraduate medical students which were randomly divided in two Groups A and B. Competency-based teaching of blood pressure measurement was done in Group A in by teaching method of demonstrate, observe, assist, and perform and Group B was taught by traditional demonstration. Pre-test questionnaire was given to both the groups before beginning of the practical session. The students learning of skill to measure blood pressure was assessed by directly observed procedural skills (DOPS) checklist after which student feedback was provided along with filling up of the post-test questionnaire. Furthermore, feedback from both student and teacher was collected.

Results: Highly significant difference was found between pre-test and post-test of both Group A and Group B. Significant difference was found between Group A and Group B post-test scores. It was found that Group A in which competency-based teaching was done scored higher post-test scores then Group B. Furthermore, highly significant difference was seen among the scores of DOPS checklist between Group A and Group B.

Conclusion: In the present research study, it was found that the students who underwent competency-based training of the skill of blood pressure measurement showed significantly higher scores in learning and performing the skill. Furthermore, on feedback provided by the students, 96% of the students strongly agree that the competency-based teaching and learning is better than traditional teaching.

Key words: Competency-Based Medical Education; Competency-Based Learning; Demonstration, Observation, Assist, and Perform; Directly Observed Procedural Skills; Certifiable Competency


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Anupinder Thind
Articles by Aditya Jain
Articles by Avnish Kumar
Articles by Paramjeet Kaur
Articles by Ramta Bansal
Articles by Ravdeep Singh
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Thind A, Jain A, Kumar A, Kaur P, Bansal R, Singh R. Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021


Web Style

Thind A, Jain A, Kumar A, Kaur P, Bansal R, Singh R. Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=139055 [Access: May 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thind A, Jain A, Kumar A, Kaur P, Bansal R, Singh R. Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thind A, Jain A, Kumar A, Kaur P, Bansal R, Singh R. Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, [cited May 02, 2022]; Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021



Harvard Style

Thind, A., Jain, . A., Kumar, . A., Kaur, . P., Bansal, . R. & Singh, . R. (2022) Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021



Turabian Style

Thind, Anupinder, Aditya Jain, Avnish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Ramta Bansal, and Ravdeep Singh. 2022. Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021



Chicago Style

Thind, Anupinder, Aditya Jain, Avnish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Ramta Bansal, and Ravdeep Singh. "Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thind, Anupinder, Aditya Jain, Avnish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Ramta Bansal, and Ravdeep Singh. "Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. Web. 02 May 2022 doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thind, A., Jain, . A., Kumar, . A., Kaur, . P., Bansal, . R. & Singh, . R. (2022) Effectiveness of competency-based teaching and comparison to traditional teaching of Phase I MBBS students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 29 Nov, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.11407202119112021