E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students

Riyanka Chail, Anjusha I B.

Abstract
Background: The present-day stress among the majority of the population across the globe is only increasing day by day. Be it school going children, young adults or elderly population, all face risk of diseases related to stress due to the life-style changes that have occurred in the past two decades. This has made the kind intervention of yogic practices like Pranayama an inevitable part of our lives.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of various types of pranayamas (involving bhastrika, ujjayi, sheetali, anuloma viloma, and kapalbharathi) on autonomic functions of the body (blood pressure, cardiovascular parameters, and hand grip strength).

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 30 (Males - 12, Females - 18) healthy volunteers (1st-year MBBS students) of same age group. Recordings of blood pressure, electrocardiography and hand grip strength (using hand grip dynamometer) were taken before starting the pranayamic practices and after 4 weeks of regular pranayamic practices.

Results: Descriptive statistical analysis and paired t-test were done. The decrease in systolic, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate was significant (P = 0.005, P = 0.000, and 0.001, respectively). The changes in PR interval, QRS duration, and corrected QT interval were not significant. However, the hand grip strength increased significantly from 26.1 ± 7.9 to 29.0 ± 7.1, i.e., (P = 0.000), in the right hand and 24.7 ± 9.05–26.1 ± 7.9 in the left hand (P = 0.000) post pranayama.

Conclusions: Even a short-term practice of regular pranayamic exercises lasting 4 weeks caused significant decrease in blood pressure, heart rate parameters along with an increase in hand grip strength and endurance, thus indicating beneficial effects of these practices thus suggesting the requirement to make it a day to day practice in all age groups especially young adults who face constant stress in day to day activities.

Key words: Pranayama; Hand Grip; Blood Pressure; Autonomic Functions


 
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Pubmed Style

Chail R, B AI. Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(2): 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018


Web Style

Chail R, B AI. Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=19486 [Access: June 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chail R, B AI. Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(2): 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chail R, B AI. Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited June 01, 2022]; 9(2): 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018



Harvard Style

Chail, R. & B, . A. I. (2019) Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (2), 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018



Turabian Style

Chail, Riyanka, and Anjusha I B. 2019. Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (2), 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018



Chicago Style

Chail, Riyanka, and Anjusha I B. "Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chail, Riyanka, and Anjusha I B. "Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.2 (2019), 150-154. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chail, R. & B, . A. I. (2019) Effect of the short-term practice of pranayama on the autonomic functions in 1st-year MBBS students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (2), 150-154. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1235711122018