E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari.

Abstract
Background: The classic renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has a role in the cardiovascular system and water homeostasis in the body, but recently, the existences of this system with all of its components including angiotensinogen, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), and angiotensin receptors have been shown in the mammalian brain. Recent clinical studies suggest that treatment of hypertensive patients with the RAS affecting drugs, such as captopril improves their cognitive function.

Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of captopril on the frontal cortex levels of ACE and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in renovascular hypertensive rats receiving captopril.

Materials and Methods: The rats were randomly divided into 3 groups of 8 animals; control, Goldblatt two kidney one clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats and Goldblatt 2K1C hypertensive rats received 5 mg/kg captopril. After 8 days of treatment; the rats were sacrificed and expression of ACE and ChAT in the frontal cortex were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results were analyzed with two-way ANOVA test using SPSS software and the level of significance was set at P < 0.05.

Results: Captopril treatment decreased the levels of ACE mRNA in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats but has no significant effect in the ChAT mRNA levels.

Conclusion: Captopril as a nootropic drug has no significant effect on the ChAT gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats and it may exert its memory enhancing effect on the frontal cortex via a non-cholinergic mechanism.

Key words: Captopril; Renin-angiotensin System; Angiotensin-converting Enzyme; Choline Acetyl Transferase


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Marzieh Vahid
Articles by Farzaneh Ganji
Articles by Hamid Sepehri
Articles by Zahra Nazari
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(6): 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017


Web Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=257445 [Access: June 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(6): 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited June 01, 2022]; 7(6): 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017



Harvard Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari (2017) Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (6), 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017



Turabian Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. 2017. Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (6), 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017



Chicago Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. "Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari. "Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.6 (2017), 599-602. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Marzieh Vahid, Farzaneh Ganji, Hamid Sepehri, Zahra Nazari (2017) Captopril modifies angiotensin-converting enzyme but not choline acetyltransferase gene expression in the frontal cortex of renovascular hypertensive rats. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (6), 599-602. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0202314022017