E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices

Bhalendu S Vaishnav, Smruti B Vaishnav, Jagdish Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Mahendra Chotaliya.

Abstract
Background: Prodigious growth of medical knowledge necessitates pedagogical shift of focus from knowledge-based teaching to metacognitive teaching. Teachers’ knowledge about their cognitive style can be used in implementing practices which synergize the same with medical students’ cognitive styles for the better educational outcome.

Aims and Objectives: The present study was carried out to determine cognitive styles of medical teachers and enhance their awareness about metacognition based teaching practices, with a view to derive logical implications for enhancing teaching-learning process.

Material and Methods: Cognitive style assessment of teachers was carried out using “Alert Scale of Cognitive Style.” Pre-session awareness, post-sensitization awareness, relevance, usefulness, and applicability of cognitive styles were tapped using single Likert- type questions. Analysis was done to know cognitive style preferences, their association with age, gender, handedness, subject specialization, and teaching experience. Faculty members were sensitized about cognitive styles and methods of synthesizing them in teaching.

Results: Of 88 participants studied, left, middle, and right brain cognitive styles were observed in 32%, 56%, and 12%, respectively. Cognitive style was not found associated with any factors. Mean awareness about cognitive styles was 3.6 before the sessions. Post-sensitization mean rating for awareness, relevance, usefulness, and applicability of cognitive style was 6.57, 6.81, 6.89, and 6.73, respectively.

Conclusion: Study significantly enhanced cognitive style awareness, which was low before the intervention. Sensitization sessions helped teachers for orienting them to combining analytical and synthesizing processes in teaching. Cognitive diversity among teachers is an institutional resource for pedagogic interventions.

Key words: Cognitive Style; Medical faculty; Metacognition


 
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Pubmed Style

Vaishnav BS, Vaishnav SB, Varma J, Prabhakaran A, Chotaliya M. Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018


Web Style

Vaishnav BS, Vaishnav SB, Varma J, Prabhakaran A, Chotaliya M. Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=288384 [Access: September 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vaishnav BS, Vaishnav SB, Varma J, Prabhakaran A, Chotaliya M. Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vaishnav BS, Vaishnav SB, Varma J, Prabhakaran A, Chotaliya M. Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited September 19, 2018]; 8(7): 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018



Harvard Style

Vaishnav, B. S., Vaishnav, S. B., Varma, J., Prabhakaran, A. & Chotaliya, M. (2018) Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (7), 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018



Turabian Style

Vaishnav, Bhalendu S, Smruti B Vaishnav, Jagdish Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, and Mahendra Chotaliya. 2018. Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018



Chicago Style

Vaishnav, Bhalendu S, Smruti B Vaishnav, Jagdish Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, and Mahendra Chotaliya. "Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vaishnav, Bhalendu S, Smruti B Vaishnav, Jagdish Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, and Mahendra Chotaliya. "Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.7 (2018), 1065-1069. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vaishnav, B. S., Vaishnav, S. B., Varma, J., Prabhakaran, A. & Chotaliya, M. (2018) Cognitive style assessment of Indian medical faculty - A step toward achieving cognitive integration in teaching practices. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 1065-1069. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0102119022018





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