E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep

Deepti Shivakumar, Girija B.

Abstract
Background: Sleep disturbances are particularly common among even the apparently healthy aging population, and its role as a cause or consequence of chronic illness makes it an issue worth addressing.

Aims and Objectives: (i) To record and score the sleep architecture in familial senior citizens using polysomnography, (ii) to compare the score with the normative data provided by American Academy of Sleep Medicine for the same age group, and (iii) to compare the polysomnographic recordings of male and female subjects.

Materials and Methods: The study was done on apparently healthy 30 non‑institutionalized senior citizens (15 males and 15 females) residing with their families in residential areas of Bengaluru city. Eligible subjects underwent overnight polysomnography. The recorded sleep parameters included total sleep time (TST), sleep latency (SL), rapid eye movement (REM) latency (RL), wake after sleep onset, sleep efficiency (SE), and stages N1%, N2%, N3%, and REM%. The data were manually scored, tabulated, and compared with normative data using the appropriate statistical tools.

Results: On statistical analysis, TST was not significantly altered. The SL, RL, WASO, N1%, and N2% were significantly (P < 0.05) increased in the study group compared to normative data. SE, N1%, and N2% are significantly decreased compared to the normative data. Furthermore, males had longer RL and females had greater percentage of N1% compared to each other.

Conclusion: The sleep architecture of the senior citizens under study is significantly deviate from the normative data and the causes for this may be altered circadian rhythm, nutritional, hormonal, or psychosocial factors.

Key words: American Academy of Sleep Medicine; Non-institutionalized; Polysomnography; Senior Citizens


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Deepti Shivakumar
Articles by Girija B
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 291
Downloaded: 126
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shivakumar D, B G. A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018


Web Style

Shivakumar D, B G. A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=292444 [Access: July 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shivakumar D, B G. A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shivakumar D, B G. A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited July 16, 2018]; 8(7): 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018



Harvard Style

Shivakumar, D. & B, G. (2018) A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (7), 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018



Turabian Style

Shivakumar, Deepti, and Girija B. 2018. A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018



Chicago Style

Shivakumar, Deepti, and Girija B. "A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shivakumar, Deepti, and Girija B. "A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.7 (2018), 995-1000. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shivakumar, D. & B, G. (2018) A comparative study of sleep architecture in non-institutionalized senior citizens of Bengaluru city and normative data of sleep. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 995-1000. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0308504032018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]