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Original Research 


Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal.

Cited by (4)

Abstract
Background: Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the fluid pressure inside the eye. Tonometry is the method, eye care professionals, use to determine this. IOP is an important aspect in the evaluation of patients at risk of glaucoma. Intraocular pressure usually increases with age and is genetically influenced.

Aims & Objective: To study the variation of IOP with age and gender.

Materials and Methods: A case control study was conducted in 50 Male and 50 Female subjects above the age of 40 years with normotension, without any glaucoma and raised IOP. Statistical analysis was done by using student “t” test and ANOVA.

Results: There is statistically significant difference between the mean IOP in males and IOP in females (P < 0.05). There is significant positive correlation between age and IOP (r =0.911).

Conclusion: Mean intraocular pressure increases with increasing age group with higher values seen in females. It would be more accurate if ophthalmologists acquire the habit of approximating measured IOP to the nearest one mmHg and not to the nearest even number.

Key words: Intraocular Pressure; Tonometry; Gender; Age


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132


Web Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=39662 [Access: January 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2014), [cited January 02, 2022]; 4(1): 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132



Harvard Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal (2014) Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 4 (1), 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132



Turabian Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. 2014. Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (1), 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132



Chicago Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. "Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4 (2014), 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal. "Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4.1 (2014), 57-60. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammed Jeelani, RH Taklikar, Anupama Taklikar, Vijayanath Itagi, Amruta Bennal (2014) Variation of intraocular pressure with age and gender. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (1), 57-60. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.040720132