E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players

Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar.

Cited by (4)

Abstract
Background: Digit ratio (2D:4D) is considered as a marker of prenatal androgen exposure. There are evidences showing association between sporting ability and 2D:4D ratio.

Aims & Objective: To determine the ratio of second to fourth digit in elite Indian volley ball players and compare them with controls.

Materials and Methods: Both right and left hands of 16 male volley ball players attending training camp at the Bangalore regional centre of Sports Authority of India were scanned. Lengths of second and fourth digits were measured and their ratio calculated. The values were compared with Age & BMI matched subjects (25 males) who did not participate in any sports who formed the control group.

Results: A highly significant difference was found in 2D:4D ratios of both the hands with volley ball players having a lower ratio compared to their controls. There was no statistically significant difference in 2D:4D (Δ r –l) between volley ball players and controls.

Conclusion: Lower second to fourth digit ratios was found in volley ball players in comparison with the controls.

Key words: Digit Ratio (2D:4D); Indian; Volley ball


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Relationships between the second to fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) and game-related statistics in semi-professional female basketball players
Am J Hum Biol 2018; 30(1): e23070.

1
 
Relationships between digit ratio (2D:4D) and basketball performance in Australian men
Am. J. Hum. Biol. 2017; 29(3): e22937.

2
 
Relationships between the second to fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) and game-related statistics in semi-professional female basketball players
Am J Hum Biol 2017; (): e23070.

3
 
Relationships between digit ratio (2D:4D) and basketball performance in Australian men
Am. J. Hum. Biol. 2016; (): .

4
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Panda K, Majumdar P, Umesh V, Sudhakar H. Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132


Web Style

Panda K, Majumdar P, Umesh V, Sudhakar H. Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=44287 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Panda K, Majumdar P, Umesh V, Sudhakar H. Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Panda K, Majumdar P, Umesh V, Sudhakar H. Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2014), [cited August 21, 2018]; 4(2): 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132



Harvard Style

Panda, K., Majumdar, P., Umesh, V. & Sudhakar, H. (2014) Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 4 (2), 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132



Turabian Style

Panda, Kaninika, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, and HH Sudhakar. 2014. Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (2), 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132



Chicago Style

Panda, Kaninika, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, and HH Sudhakar. "Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4 (2014), 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Panda, Kaninika, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, and HH Sudhakar. "Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4.2 (2014), 106-108. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Panda, K., Majumdar, P., Umesh, V. & Sudhakar, H. (2014) Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (2), 106-108. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132





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