E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Background: Tutorial embodies a major teaching learning strategy in basic sciences of medical education. Essentially tutorial should be a small class of few students in which the tutor gives individual attention each student. However; increase in student strength, and concurrent decrease in the faculty requirements by regulatory bodies in recent years; have posed immense hiccups in organizing tutorial in small groups.

Aims & Objective: Objective of present study was to evaluate the feasibility of modifying traditional tutorial as Interactive Intergroup tutorial (IIT) and its efficacy to improve learning outcome.

Materials and Methods: Study was conducted in Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, with sample population as students in first year of medical curriculum (n=150). They were sequentially subjected to traditional tutorial & Interactive Intragroup tutorial for 4 weeks. Difference in impact by the two methods was studied by pre and post - test design.

Results: There was a significant difference in pre and post-test P = 0.011 and P = 0.023 (P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant) by traditional tutorial and Interactive Intragroup tutorial respectively. The difference in post test scores by both methods was found to be highly significant P = 0.00.

Conclusion: The modified method can serve to be logistically straightforward to implement in a large class, particularly in subjects of basic sciences with added benefits of establishing group dynamics, interactivity, improving presentation and reasoning skills which are otherwise not a part of traditional tutorials.

Key words: Physiology; Interactive Intragroup Tutorial; Traditional Tutorial


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Tripti Srivastava
Articles by Lalitbhushan Waghmare
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Costa ML, van Rensburg L, Rushton N. Does teaching style matter? A randomised trial of group discussion versus lectures in orthopaedic undergraduate teaching, Med Educ. 2007;41(2):214-7 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Das CM, Swadi H, Mpofu D. Medical student perceptions of factors affecting productivity of PBL tutorial groups: does culture promotes outcome? Teach Learn Med. 2003;41:214-7.
3. De Grave WS, Schmidt HG, Boshuizen HPA. Effects of problem-based discussion in studying a subsequent text: a randomized trial among first year medical students. Instr Sci. 2001;29:33-44. [DOI via Crossref]   
4. Dolmans DH, Wolfhagen IH, van der Vleuten. Motivational and cognitive processes influencing tutorial groups. Acad Med. 1998;73(10 Suppl):S22-S24. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Dolmans DH, De GW, Wolfhagen IH, van der Vleuten. Problem-based learning: future challenges for educational practice and research. Med Educ. 2005;39(7):732-41 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
6. Dolmans DH, Schmidt HG. What do we know about cognitive and motivational effects of small group tutorials in problem-based learning? Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2006;11(4):321-36 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Kommalage M, Imbulgoda N. Introduction of student-led physiology tutorial classes to a traditional curriculum Adv Physiol Educ. 2010;34: 65&#8211;69.
8. Goldbloom RB, Jones GM. The role of a Tutorial System in Undergraduate Medical Education. Can Med Assoc J. 1967;96(14):1027-31. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
9. Ghosh S. Combination of didactic lectures and case-oriented problem-solving tutorials toward better learning: perceptions of students from a conventional medical curriculum. Adv Physiol Educ. 2007;31(2):193-197 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Visschers-Pleijers AJ, Dolmans DH, Wolfhagen IH, van der Vleuten. Exploration of a method to analyze group interactions in problem-based learning. Med Teach. 2004;26(5):471-8 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. de Jong Z, van Nies JA, Peters SW, Vink S, Dekker FW, Scherpbier A. Interactive seminars or small group tutorials in preclinical medical education: results of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Med Educ. 2010;10:79. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

Microteaching revisited! A tool for improving undergraduate student seminars
IJPP 2021; 64(): S70.

1
 
Partnerships and parents – relationships in tutorial programmes
Higher Education Research & Development 2016; 35(2): 296.

2
 
Interactive intragroup tutorials: a need-based modification to enhance learning in physiology
Advances in Physiology Education 2015; 39(4): 414.

3
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132


Web Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=44822 [Access: January 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2014), [cited January 01, 2022]; 4(2): 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132



Harvard Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare (2014) Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 4 (2), 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132



Turabian Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. 2014. Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (2), 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132



Chicago Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. "Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4 (2014), 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare. "Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4.2 (2014), 128-131. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tripti Srivastava, Lalitbhushan Waghmare (2014) Interactive intra-group tutorials: A modification to suit the challenges of physiology tutorial in rural medical schools. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 4 (2), 128-131. doi:10.5455/njppp.2014.4.111020132