E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India

Senjuti Dasgupta, Manas Talukdar, Manish Osta, Uma Banerjee.

Abstract
Background: Sudden deterioration of cases in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the most important reasons contributing to deaths. Hence, a cost-effective test is required for early suspicion of COVID-19 cases and triage of patients. The previous studies have already suggested that eosinopenia can be used as a marker of suspicion in COVID-19.

Aims and Objectives: The current study was conducted to find out eosinophil count of blood in COVID-19 patients along with its role to predict severity so that this routine and cost-effective parameter can be utilized for prompt management.

Materials and Methods: This observational cross-sectional study was done on hospitalized COVID-19 adult patients where patients were categorized into moderate and severe cases as per guideline of Government of India. Absolute eosinophil count was compared in these two groups by unpaired t-test to find out its significance.

Results: Out of total 176 cases, 45 (25.5%) were categorized as severe while rest 131 (74.5%) patients were in moderate category of disease. Sixty-three patients (35.70%) had absolute eosinophil count as zero while total 105 patients (59.65%) had absolute eosinopenia (defined as eosinophil count <0.05 103/μl). However, mean (SD) absolute eosinophil count (103/μl) in severe and moderate category patients was 0.054 (0.081) and 0.079 (0.127), respectively, which was not statistically significant (P = 0.21).

Conclusion: Eosinopenia is a consistent finding in majority of COVID-19 patients that can aid in early suspicion and isolation of COVID-19 cases in fever clinic but its role as a predictor of severity is insignificant.

Key words: Coronavirus Disease 2019; Eosinophil; Absolute Eosinophil Count


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dasgupta S, Talukdar M, Osta M, Banerjee U. Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021


Web Style

Dasgupta S, Talukdar M, Osta M, Banerjee U. Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=81232 [Access: September 03, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dasgupta S, Talukdar M, Osta M, Banerjee U. Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dasgupta S, Talukdar M, Osta M, Banerjee U. Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021



Harvard Style

Dasgupta, S., Talukdar, . M., Osta, . M. & Banerjee, . U. (2021) Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021



Turabian Style

Dasgupta, Senjuti, Manas Talukdar, Manish Osta, and Uma Banerjee. 2021. Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021



Chicago Style

Dasgupta, Senjuti, Manas Talukdar, Manish Osta, and Uma Banerjee. "Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dasgupta, Senjuti, Manas Talukdar, Manish Osta, and Uma Banerjee. "Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dasgupta, S., Talukdar, . M., Osta, . M. & Banerjee, . U. (2021) Absolute eosinophil count in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care institution of India. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.05147202117052021