E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Anusharani M V, Fazeel Zubair Ahmed, Roja Rani.

Abstract
Background: Self-medication is to obtain and consume the drugs without the advice of a physician about the diagnosis and treatment. Medical students are different from the general population because of their exposure to numerous clinical cases and also the knowledge about diseases, diagnosis and drugs.

Aim and Objectives: The objective of the study was to evaluate the self-medication practices among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 150 undergraduate medical students at Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Adilabad from September 2021 to November 2021 after obtaining approval from Institutional Ethics Committee. A structured and validated questionnaire was used to collect information regarding self-medication practices. The study was based on their knowledge and attitude about the practice of self-medication.

Results: 150 students participated in the study. Out of 150 students, 136 practiced self-medication. Of them 86 were female and 50 were male. The most common reason which lead to the practice of self-medication was their convenience. Fever was the most common indication for self-medication. Paracetamol was the most common analgesic and Azithromycin was the most common antibiotic used for self-medication. Nausea was the most common among adverse drug reactions experienced by the students.

Conclusion: This practice of self-medication masks the sign and symptoms of underlying pathology, and thus complicates and delays the diagnosis. It also creates drug resistance. The practice of self-medication assumes a special significance among the medical students as they will be the future medical practitioners and play a crucial role in counseling the patients about the practice and adverse effects associated with self-medication.

Key words: Self-medication; Over the Counter Drugs; Antibiotics; Analgesics


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

V AM, Ahmed FZ, Rani R. Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022


Web Style

V AM, Ahmed FZ, Rani R. Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=81735 [Access: October 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V AM, Ahmed FZ, Rani R. Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(8): 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V AM, Ahmed FZ, Rani R. Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited October 01, 2022]; 12(8): 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022



Harvard Style

V, A. M., Ahmed, . F. Z. & Rani, . R. (2022) Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (8), 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022



Turabian Style

V, Anusharani M, Fazeel Zubair Ahmed, and Roja Rani. 2022. Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022



Chicago Style

V, Anusharani M, Fazeel Zubair Ahmed, and Roja Rani. "Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V, Anusharani M, Fazeel Zubair Ahmed, and Roja Rani. "Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.8 (2022), 1311-1316. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V, A. M., Ahmed, . F. Z. & Rani, . R. (2022) Self-medication with antibiotics and analgesics among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (8), 1311-1316. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.02090202217052022