E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel

Md. Sabir Hussain, Ruchi Tyagi.

Abstract
Background: Circadian rhythm is the natural internal clock that controls the release of various hormones and enzymes that govern the body’s daily physiological and psychological activities. When there is a distortion of this natural rhythm as in shift workers, the resulting circadian dysrhythmias impact negatively on their health and social well-being. The incidence of health conditions, such as heart disease or digestive disorders, is increased due to the stress of shift work.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in physiological parameters (i.e., body composition, pulse rate, and blood pressure [BP]) among the security personnel who were having shift work schedule.

Materials and Methods: A total of 70 security personnel of which 35 were having shift work schedule and remaining were controls were included in our study after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anthropometric measurements, body composition indices, average pulse rate, and BP were recorded. The data were then statistically analyzed.

Results: Our study revealed that shift workers had a statistically significant increase in diastolic BP (DBP) compared to day workers, while the average pulse rate and systolic BP (SBP) showed the non-significant difference. We found that shift workers showed more body fat and body mass index (BMI) than the day workers. We found a significant positive correlation of BMI with waist circumference, body fat and total body water in both the group of the study population, while BMI was significantly correlated with SBP and DBP only in shift workers.

Conclusion: Shift workers are more prone to develop overweight, obesity, and hypertension than the day workers.

Key words: Shift work; Obesity; Body Composition


 
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Pubmed Style

Hussain MS, Tyagi R. Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(2): 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018


Web Style

Hussain MS, Tyagi R. Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=8488 [Access: June 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hussain MS, Tyagi R. Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(2): 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hussain MS, Tyagi R. Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited June 01, 2022]; 9(2): 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018



Harvard Style

Hussain, M. S. & Tyagi, . R. (2019) Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (2), 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018



Turabian Style

Hussain, Md. Sabir, and Ruchi Tyagi. 2019. Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (2), 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018



Chicago Style

Hussain, Md. Sabir, and Ruchi Tyagi. "Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hussain, Md. Sabir, and Ruchi Tyagi. "Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.2 (2019), 103-107. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hussain, M. S. & Tyagi, . R. (2019) Effect of shift work on physiological parameters: A study among security personnel. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (2), 103-107. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0929422112018