E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study

Sajitha N.

Abstract
Background: A higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension has been observed among hypothyroid patients. Incidence of hypothyroidism is also, seen to occur more in women and with advancing age.

Aim and Objectives: The aims of the study were: (1) To determine the association between hypothyroidism and co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension and (2) to study the association of hypothyroidism with gender and age.

Materials and Methods: This hospital based, descriptive analytical study included 75 patients, of whom 25 had a history of hypothyroidism and 50 did not have hypothyroidism. Hypertension and diabetes were determined in all the patients by evaluating investigation reports and treatment history. Data were collected using pre-designed data entry form. Chi-square test was used to find association of hypothyroidism with selected variables. Multiple logistic regressions were used to predict, independent risk factors of hypothyroidism.

Results: Thirty-nine patients had diabetes and 41 had hypertension. Hypothyroidism was found to be significantly associated with diabetes mellitus (P = 0.014)), age > 60 years, (P < 0.01), and female gender (P < 0.01). No significant association was obtained between hypothyroidism and hypertension. By multiple logistic regression, age (> 60 years) (confidence interval [CI]-95%, Odds-14.16 [1.32151.77]), and female gender were found to be independent risk factors for developing hypothyroidism (CI 95%, Odds-12.95 [2.7660.84]).

Conclusion: Regular evaluation of diabetes mellitus may be done, in hypothyroid patients for early diagnosis, optimum treatment, and prevention of complications. Screening for thyroid function would be useful as part of routine investigations in elderly and in women to reduce morbidity and improve reproductive health in women.

Key words: Hypothyroidism; Diabetes Mellitus; Hypertension; Age; Gender


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sajitha N
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sajitha N. Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021


Web Style

Sajitha N. Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=87898 [Access: September 02, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sajitha N. Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sajitha N. Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021



Harvard Style

Sajitha N (2021) Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021



Turabian Style

Sajitha N. 2021. Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021



Chicago Style

Sajitha N. "Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sajitha N. "Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sajitha N (2021) Association of Hypothyroidism with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, and gender A descriptive study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06195202107072021