E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Case Report 


Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report

Padmaja Rajey Desai, Rajey Maruti Desai.

Abstract
Transverse facial cleft is rare congenital craniofacial anomalies, affecting the esthetics and function of the oral cavity. In the 1st and 2nd branchial arches, it occurs usually with different structural deformities. However, alone occurrence of bilateral facial clefts is rare. Embryonic procedure of mandibular and maxillary approaches of the primary arch of bronchi fails to fuse to form the mouth corner resulting in the development of this anomaly. Number of incidence is identified at birth, at the several times are identified prenatally. In given scenario, the case of complete facial cleft as a bilateral transverse detected by three-dimensional ultrasonography at 19 weeks and 6 days of gestational age in a 24-year-old pregnant patient. The ultrasound findings revealed a singleton intrauterine fetus with normal growth and polyhydramnios (mild). An abnormal fetal face was identified with complete transverse (two sided) facial cleft extended from the mouth through commissure up to both ears. This report illustrates the advantages of three-dimensional ultrasonography in the diagnosis of developmental anomalies prenatally.

Key words: Fetus, Mandible, Maxilla, Bilateral Complete Transverse Facial Cleft, Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography, Perinatal Diagnosis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Desai PR, Desai RM. Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021


Web Style

Desai PR, Desai RM. Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=93823 [Access: September 02, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Desai PR, Desai RM. Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Desai PR, Desai RM. Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021



Harvard Style

Desai, P. R. & Desai, . R. M. (2021) Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021



Turabian Style

Desai, Padmaja Rajey, and Rajey Maruti Desai. 2021. Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021



Chicago Style

Desai, Padmaja Rajey, and Rajey Maruti Desai. "Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Desai, Padmaja Rajey, and Rajey Maruti Desai. "Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Desai, P. R. & Desai, . R. M. (2021) Bilateral complete transverse facial cleft: A case report. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07240202118072021