E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students

Retash Shan, Gurmeet Kour, Shomalla Jan, Mrityunjay, Sunil Sachdev, Dev Raj.

Abstract
Background: Clinical studies, reliable geospatial data, and blood bank management all require an understanding of blood group trends. The prevalence of ABO in the blood group varies from one community to another. Every transfusion center/hematology lab is required to keep a statistical record of the blood group among their population, staff, and students.

Aim and Objectives: Determining ABO and Rh blood group and study the pattern of these blood groups with an estimation of gene frequencies among first phase medical students of GMC Jammu.

Materials and Methods: 250 medical students were recruited for the study. The finger-prick technique was done to obtain blood. On clean glass slides, a drop of monoclonal anti-A, B, and D was added to a drop of red blood cell suspension made from finger-prick blood and normal saline and thoroughly mixed. The agglutination results were subsequently recorded. Percentages were used to represent the data.

Results: ABO blood group prevalent in this study was B, which accounted for 39.6% of all cases (36.8% B+ and 2.8% B-) followed by O with 34% (33.2% O+ and 0.8% O-), A with 21.2% (20% A+ and 1.2% A-), and AB with 5.2% (5.2% AB+ and 0% AB-). Among Rh group 95.2% were positive whereas 4.8% were found to be negative. The gene frequency for IA (p) - 0.1599, for IB (q) - 0.2571, and IO (r) - 0.5830.

Conclusion: The B blood group is more ubiquitous than the others, with the AB blood group being the least common. Rh-positive is more common than Rh-negative blood types. Gender had no effect on the ABO and Rh blood groups.

Key words: Blood Group; GMC Jammu; Medical Student; Rh Typing


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shan R, Kour G, Jan S, Mrityunjay , Sachdev S, Raj D. Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(5): 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022


Web Style

Shan R, Kour G, Jan S, Mrityunjay , Sachdev S, Raj D. Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=98173 [Access: June 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shan R, Kour G, Jan S, Mrityunjay , Sachdev S, Raj D. Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(5): 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shan R, Kour G, Jan S, Mrityunjay , Sachdev S, Raj D. Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited June 01, 2022]; 12(5): 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022



Harvard Style

Shan, R., Kour, . G., Jan, . S., Mrityunjay, ., Sachdev, . S. & Raj, . D. (2022) Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (5), 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022



Turabian Style

Shan, Retash, Gurmeet Kour, Shomalla Jan, Mrityunjay, Sunil Sachdev, and Dev Raj. 2022. Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (5), 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022



Chicago Style

Shan, Retash, Gurmeet Kour, Shomalla Jan, Mrityunjay, Sunil Sachdev, and Dev Raj. "Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shan, Retash, Gurmeet Kour, Shomalla Jan, Mrityunjay, Sunil Sachdev, and Dev Raj. "Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.5 (2022), 643-646. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shan, R., Kour, . G., Jan, . S., Mrityunjay, ., Sachdev, . S. & Raj, . D. (2022) Distribution pattern of ABO and Rh (D) blood group system among 1st-year medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (5), 643-646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.03107202226032022