E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew.

Abstract
Background: The cardiac morphology and functioning undergoes a variety of changes on physical training, and it depends on the type of training the person undergoes. Endurance training and speed training are the two major classifications in it, and it is essential to know which type overruns the other in increasing the cardiac functioning.

Aims and Objective: To compare the cardiac functioning of three groups of human participants’ viz., endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals, by measuring their VO2 max and QRS wave amplitude.

Materials and Methods: Fifteen endurance athletes (mean age ± SD: 20.27 ± 1.58 years), 15 speed athletes (mean age ± SD: 20.15 ± 1.85 years), and 15 control subjects (mean age ± SD: 19.33 ± 0.82 years) were recruited into the study. VO2 max was obtained from three tests (beep test, Uth–Sorensen–Overgaard–Pedersen method, and Cooper variation method), and mean QRS wave amplitude was measured using Minnesota code of classification.Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA test.

Result: The VO2 max (V) and QRS wave amplitude (R) of endurance (V: P < 0.001; R: P < 0.001) and speed athletes (V: beep test—P < 0.05, others—P < 0.001; R: P < 0.05) were significantly higher than that of the untrained individuals. When compared between the two athletic groups, endurance athletes showed significantly higher values than the speed athletes in both the parameters (V: P < 0.001; R: P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Both endurance and speed training enhance the cardiac functioning when compared with the untrained individuals significantly. But, endurance training shows an edge over speed training in increasing the effectiveness of working of heart.

Key words: Cardiac Functioning; Endurance Athletes; Speed Athletes; QRS Wave Amplitude; VO2 max


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579


Web Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=174885 [Access: August 03, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2016), [cited August 03, 2022]; 6(1): 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579



Harvard Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew (2016) A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 6 (1), 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579



Turabian Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. 2016. A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (1), 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579



Chicago Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. "A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6 (2016), 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew. "A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6.1 (2016), 59-64. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Senthil Kumar M, Nagashree Ramaswamy, Anil C Mathew (2016) A comparative study on the cardiac functioning of endurance athletes, speed athletes, and untrained individuals. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (1), 59-64. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2505201579