E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain.

Abstract
Background: Many trace elements in the biological system, including boron, are involved in various vital processes related to health and diseases. Boron has been proved to have a role in decreasing inflammatory pain, joint stiffness, and other disabling symptoms associated with osteoarthritis (OA).

Aims and Objective: To evaluate the relationship between serum concentrations of boron with inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity in patients with knee OA.

Materials and Methods: A total of 43 patients with knee OA were clinically evaluated and serum boron concentrations were measured in addition to erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and total white blood cell (WBC) count; the results were compared with that of healthy controls. Boron levels were correlated with ESR, WBC, disease duration, and severity.

Result: Serum boron levels were significantly lower in patients compared with controls, and found to be significantly correlated with disease duration and severity. No correlation was reported between boron and the inflammatory markers.

Conclusion: Serum boron levels were significantly lower in patients with knee OA, and negatively correlated with the duration and severity of the disease.

Key words: Knee OA; Serum Boron; Disease Severity; ESR; WBC Count


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576


Web Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=201115 [Access: August 03, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2016), [cited August 03, 2022]; 6(1): 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576



Harvard Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain (2016) Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 6 (1), 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576



Turabian Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. 2016. Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (1), 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576



Chicago Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. "Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6 (2016), 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain. "Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6.1 (2016), 27-31. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Naza Mohammad Ali Mahmood, Omer Rafiq Barawi, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain (2016) Relationship between serum concentrations of boron and inflammatory markers, disease duration, and severity of patients with knee osteoarthritis in Sulaimani city. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (1), 27-31. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.0809201576