E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: From analytical and statistical studies, it has been firmly concluded that cigarette smoking has various hazards on different systems of human being.

Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to determine cardiovascular sympathetic activity in habitual cigarette smokers and compare it with healthy age-matched controls and to find out any correlation between duration of cigarette smoking and sympathetic dysfunction.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 40 habitual cigarette smokers (study group) and 40 normal, healthy nonsmokers (Control group) who served as age-matched controls to study sympathetic functions. The participants were in the age range of 20-45 years. The participants were selected from the habitual cigarette smoking (10-25 cigarettes/day) and nonsmoking students and employees in the medical college campus by convenience sampling method. Following the basal recording of physiological and sympathetic function parameters, the participant was required to smoke 1 full cigarette within 5 min at his usual puffing rate. 5 min after the participant completed to smoke the cigarette, the autonomic function parameters are again recorded. Blood pressure (BP) response to orthostatic test and to sustained handgrip exercise. The data were suitably arranged and were subjected to statistical analysis; the level of significance is calculated by applying t-test.

Results: Significant raise in diastolic BP after cigarette smoking in the study group.

Conclusion: Habitual smoking affects negatively the sympathetic autonomic nervous system.

Key words: Blood Pressure; Cigarette Smoking; Hand Grip Dynamometer; Sympathetic Nervous System


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(6): 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017


Web Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=259933 [Access: June 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(6): 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited June 01, 2022]; 7(6): 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017



Harvard Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil (2017) Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (6), 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017



Turabian Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. 2017. Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (6), 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017



Chicago Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. "Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil. "Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.6 (2017), 637-641. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahesh Kumar J Patil, Sumangala M Patil (2017) Influence of cigarette smoking on human cardiovascular sympathetic autonomic functions. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (6), 637-641. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0205128022017