E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved

Nithya Panneerselvam, Jaikumar Shanmugasundaram, Viswanathan Subramanian, Parimala Kadhirvelu.

Abstract
Background: In the treatment of depression, drugs with a quick onset of action and high margin of safety are intensely being searched. Previous studies indicate flavonoids as a potential source for such drugs. Hence, in the present study, four dihydroxy flavones have been selected for investigation.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the potential antidepressant effect and the mechanism of action of dihydroxy flavone derivatives in mice.

Materials and Methods: Mice were subjected to forced swim test and tail suspension test for 6 min. The period of immobility in these animals was recorded after treatment with different doses of 3,7-dihydroxy flavone, 3,3’-dihydroxy flavone, 6,3’-dihydroxy flavone, and 5,6–dihydroxy flavone. Interacting drugs such as para chlorophenylalanine, alpha-methyl-para-tyrosine, L-arginine, and naloxone were employed to delineate the role of various mechanisms involved in the action of these dihydroxy flavones in forced swim test.

Results: A dose-dependent reduction in the immobility period of mice was recorded in both forced swim test and tail suspension test for dihydroxy flavones indicating the antidepressant-like effect of these compounds. However, 6,3’-dihydroxy flavone was found to be less effective than the other three compounds. Various interacting drugs differentially modulated the reduction of immobility period produced by dihydroxy flavones in forced swim test. Monoaminergic, opioid, and nitric oxide pathways were evident in the action of dihydroxy flavones.

Conclusion: The present study identified the potential antidepressant effect of a few dihydroxy flavone derivatives involving novel mechanisms.

Key words: Dihydroxy Flavones; Forced Swim Test; Tail Suspension Test; Antidepressant


 
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Pubmed Style

Panneerselvam N, Shanmugasundaram J, Subramanian V, Kadhirvelu P. A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018


Web Style

Panneerselvam N, Shanmugasundaram J, Subramanian V, Kadhirvelu P. A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=291715 [Access: September 19, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Panneerselvam N, Shanmugasundaram J, Subramanian V, Kadhirvelu P. A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Panneerselvam N, Shanmugasundaram J, Subramanian V, Kadhirvelu P. A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited September 19, 2018]; 8(7): 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018



Harvard Style

Panneerselvam, N., Shanmugasundaram, J., Subramanian, V. & Kadhirvelu, P. (2018) A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (7), 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018



Turabian Style

Panneerselvam, Nithya, Jaikumar Shanmugasundaram, Viswanathan Subramanian, and Parimala Kadhirvelu. 2018. A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018



Chicago Style

Panneerselvam, Nithya, Jaikumar Shanmugasundaram, Viswanathan Subramanian, and Parimala Kadhirvelu. "A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Panneerselvam, Nithya, Jaikumar Shanmugasundaram, Viswanathan Subramanian, and Parimala Kadhirvelu. "A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.7 (2018), 940-946. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Panneerselvam, N., Shanmugasundaram, J., Subramanian, V. & Kadhirvelu, P. (2018) A study on antidepressant-like effect of dihydroxy flavones in mice and their mechanisms involved. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 940-946. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0207224022018





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