E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress

Puja Dulloo, Nasser Al-Nazwani, Yassen M Malallah Al-Lawatia.

Abstract
Background: Functioning capability of normal healthy individual can reduce due to stress which can be observed by the changes in their physiological parameters. Medical students do have huge burden of academic stress during the time of examination. This stress affects their normal physiology which subsequently might lead to pathological changes.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the changes in the cardiovascular system in 2nd year medical students of Oman Medical College (OMC) during the state of examination stress.

Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, observational-based study for 100 2nd-year students enrolled in 2013–14 batch for the medical program at OMC, Bawshar campus, Sultanate of Oman. Cardiovascular parameters such as pulse rate, arterial blood pressure were recorded at three stages. 1st, 3 months before the first formative assessment, second a day before the first formative examination, and third a day after examination. Data were collected and analyzed statistically using a paired t-test.

Result: Significant difference (2-tailed <0.0001) was observed for the level of pulse rate heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) before the exam and relaxed state as well as post exam state. Comparing the relaxed state values with the post-exam values for HR and DBP did not show any statistically significance.

Conclusion: It is evident that the medical students undergo stress during their academic examinations. There is a need for intrusions such as social and psychological by the counselor or mentor to improve the quality of students’ life. Mentoring and counseling specifically before the exam should have more weight so that students are trained to manage their stress by various regimes.

Key words: Examination Stress; Cardiovascular Vital Parameters; Medical Students


 
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Pubmed Style

Dulloo P, Al-Nazwani N, Al-Lawatia YMM. Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018


Web Style

Dulloo P, Al-Nazwani N, Al-Lawatia YMM. Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=4495 [Access: June 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dulloo P, Al-Nazwani N, Al-Lawatia YMM. Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dulloo P, Al-Nazwani N, Al-Lawatia YMM. Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited June 02, 2022]; 8(11): 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018



Harvard Style

Dulloo, P., Al-Nazwani, . N. & Al-Lawatia, . Y. M. M. (2018) Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (11), 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018



Turabian Style

Dulloo, Puja, Nasser Al-Nazwani, and Yassen M Malallah Al-Lawatia. 2018. Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018



Chicago Style

Dulloo, Puja, Nasser Al-Nazwani, and Yassen M Malallah Al-Lawatia. "Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dulloo, Puja, Nasser Al-Nazwani, and Yassen M Malallah Al-Lawatia. "Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.11 (2018), 1548-1552. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dulloo, P., Al-Nazwani, . N. & Al-Lawatia, . Y. M. M. (2018) Cardiovascular changes in medical students: Examination stress. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1548-1552. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0826429082018