E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female

Jasmin Parmar, Ravi Thaker, Jwalant Joshi, Nikita Jain.

Abstract
Background: Walking in high-heeled shoes is widespread dress behavior of women of modern society. It increases lower limb muscles activity and energy cost. The need to generate larger muscular forces during walking increases the metabolic demand, thus oxygen consumption (VO2) is increased when wearing high heels.

Aims and Objectives: To access effect of high-heeled shoes on Energy Expenditure (EE) and VO2 in Healthy Young female.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among fifty apparently healthy female students between the ages of 20 and 26 yrs. Resting arterial blood pressure and heart rate (HR), VO2, heat production, and EE were recorded. Then, subjects walked barefooted a distance of 76.5 meters in 2 min. Following the barefooted walk, cardiac and metabolic parameter were recorded again. The subjects walked 76.5 meters in high-heeled shoes of 2, 4, and 6 inches. These parameters were recorded immediately after 76.5 meters of walking in high-heeled shoes.

Results: The results from the present study indicate that walking a distance of 76.5 meters barefooted resulted in a significant increase only in mean arterial pressure, HR and rate pressure product. The EE and VO2 after walking a distance of 76.5 meters in high-heeled shoes of 2, 4, and 6 inches heel heights was significantly higher than walking a distance of 76.5 meters barefooted.

Conclusion: Walking barefooted required lesser effort than walking in high-heeled shoes of different heel heights. Effort should therefore be made to encourage women to reconsider the habitual use of high-heeled shoes.

Key words: Barefoot; Energy Expenditure; High Heeled Shoes; Oxygen Consumption


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Parmar J, Thaker R, Joshi J, Jain N. The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021


Web Style

Parmar J, Thaker R, Joshi J, Jain N. The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=73034 [Access: May 03, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Parmar J, Thaker R, Joshi J, Jain N. The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Parmar J, Thaker R, Joshi J, Jain N. The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, [cited May 03, 2022]; Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021



Harvard Style

Parmar, J., Thaker, . R., Joshi, . J. & Jain, . N. (2022) The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021



Turabian Style

Parmar, Jasmin, Ravi Thaker, Jwalant Joshi, and Nikita Jain. 2022. The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021



Chicago Style

Parmar, Jasmin, Ravi Thaker, Jwalant Joshi, and Nikita Jain. "The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Parmar, Jasmin, Ravi Thaker, Jwalant Joshi, and Nikita Jain. "The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. Web. 03 May 2022 doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Parmar, J., Thaker, . R., Joshi, . J. & Jain, . N. (2022) The effects of high heeled shoes walking in on energy expenditure and oxygen consumption in healthy young female. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 30 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12449202124122021