E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala

Arun Prakash Mani, Sunil Kumar Rayan, Thilak S A, Aga Ammar Murthuza.

Abstract
Background: In India, diabetes mellitus (DM) is reaching an epidemic proportion. It has been reported that more and more cases of DM occur at younger age in India and the age group of 25–34 years can be considered a take-off point for prevalence of DM. The dental students due to their academic setup, lead a sedentary lifestyle, which make them more prone for non-communicable diseases such as diabetes.

Aim and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) and to study its association of risk of diabetes with other factors among 1st-year dental students in a dental college in South Kerala.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the dental students in Al Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India. Using universal sampling method, 84 1st year dental students who gave consent were allowed to participate in the study. FINDRISC tool on diabetes risk assessment which aims to predict an individual’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes within the next 10 years was used.

Results: Among female students, 49 (70.0%) had low risk, 20 (28.6%) had slightly elevated, and 1 (1.4%) had moderate risk of developing diabetes in next 10 years. Among male students, 9 (64.3%) had low risk and rest 5 (35.7%) slightly elevated risk of developing diabetes in next 10 years. There was an association between diabetes risk and father’s education (P = 0.029) and family history of diabetes (P Ë‚ 0.000).

Conclusion: Study shows 30.0% female students and 35.7% male students have either slightly elevated or moderate risk of developing diabetes in next 10 years. Efforts must be taken at community level to prevent young people from developing diabetes.

Key words: Online Diabetes Risk Assessment; Finnish Diabetes Risk Score; Dental Students; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Kerala


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mani AP, Rayan SK, A TS, Murthuza AA. A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021


Web Style

Mani AP, Rayan SK, A TS, Murthuza AA. A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=88685 [Access: September 02, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mani AP, Rayan SK, A TS, Murthuza AA. A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mani AP, Rayan SK, A TS, Murthuza AA. A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021



Harvard Style

Mani, A. P., Rayan, . S. K., A, . T. S. & Murthuza, . A. A. (2021) A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021



Turabian Style

Mani, Arun Prakash, Sunil Kumar Rayan, Thilak S A, and Aga Ammar Murthuza. 2021. A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021



Chicago Style

Mani, Arun Prakash, Sunil Kumar Rayan, Thilak S A, and Aga Ammar Murthuza. "A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mani, Arun Prakash, Sunil Kumar Rayan, Thilak S A, and Aga Ammar Murthuza. "A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala." doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mani, A. P., Rayan, . S. K., A, . T. S. & Murthuza, . A. A. (2021) A cross-sectional study on the assessment of diabetes risk among the first-year dental students of a dental college in South Kerala. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.06201202102072021