E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab

Ashish Kavia, Surbhi Mittal, Nitish Bansal, Dhiraj Daga.

Abstract
Background: Low back pain with radicular symptoms is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders and leading cause of disability. Radicular back pain can be defined as a diffuse process affecting more than one underlying nerve root that causes pain and depending on the severity of symptoms may cause loss of sensation and motor function. Quality of life (QOL) is a multidimensional patient-based outcome criterion which can be used to describe the impact of health condition on the patient as well as the effects of the treatment. Low back pain interferes with QOL and work performance.

Aim and Objectives: To analyze the QOL in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 364 low back pain patients and healthy people in Government medical college, Patiala, India, from January 2021 to June 2021. We used SF-36 questionnaire to assess QOL, which allows calculating eight different scores (on a scale of 0–100), a physical component scale (PCS), and a mental component scale (MCS) summary. Mean Mental (MCS) and Physical (PCS) component summary scores were assessed and compared with healthy people involved in the study. Overall, a higher PCS and MCS score indicates better QOL.

Results: Out of 364 patients enrolled, 311 patients with mean age of 49.1 ± 11.9 years were included for the study. SF-36 was administered and assessed. The result from this questionnaire showed that mean PCS and mean MCS were significantly lower in the low back pain patients compared to the normative population and were statistically significant.

Conclusion: Patients of low back pain with radiculopathy have poor QOL compared to normative individuals. Lower QOL in patients necessitates getting early treatment, educating the patient, and rehabilitation. It is vital to give more attention to the QOL of the patient as it is an untouched domain.

Key words: Quality of Life; Low Back Pain; Radiculopathy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kavia A, Mittal S, Bansal N, Daga D. Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021


Web Style

Kavia A, Mittal S, Bansal N, Daga D. Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=90556 [Access: May 04, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kavia A, Mittal S, Bansal N, Daga D. Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kavia A, Mittal S, Bansal N, Daga D. Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, [cited May 04, 2022]; Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021



Harvard Style

Kavia, A., Mittal, . S., Bansal, . N. & Daga, . D. (2022) Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021



Turabian Style

Kavia, Ashish, Surbhi Mittal, Nitish Bansal, and Dhiraj Daga. 2022. Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021



Chicago Style

Kavia, Ashish, Surbhi Mittal, Nitish Bansal, and Dhiraj Daga. "Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kavia, Ashish, Surbhi Mittal, Nitish Bansal, and Dhiraj Daga. "Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. Web. 04 May 2022 doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kavia, A., Mittal, . S., Bansal, . N. & Daga, . D. (2022) Quality of life in patients of low back pain with radiculopathy: A descriptive analytical study from Punjab. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 31 Dec, 2021. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12453202124122021