E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study

Geetanjali Hiremath, Shrikant Hiremath, Pratibha Omkar.

Abstract
Background: Over-the-counter (OTC) drug is a medicine that is available without a prescription, and hence also referred to as “nonprescription drug.” The sale of OTC medicines from pharmacies can help individual’s self-manage symptoms. However, some OTC medicines may be abused, with addiction and harms being increasingly recognized and found to be more common in undergraduate medical students.

Aim and Objective: Objective of this study to analyze the use of OTC drugs among 2nd year medical students.

Materials and Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, and questionnaire based study was conducted among 2nd year medical students of Belagavi Institute of Medical Sciences Belagavi. Details and purpose of the study were explained to students and informed consent was taken. Questionnaires consist of 25 questions related to use of OTC drugs, their knowledge and attitude toward OTC drugs. Questionnaires are then collected back from students on the spot after 15 min. All the data pooled and results are analyzed in descriptive statistics.

Results: A total of 88 respondents were analyzed, 87.5% participants knew the definition of OTC and 69.5% use medication without prescription. All the students practiced self-medication however only 37.5% students agree with practice. Fever, cold, and headache are the most common condition for using OTC drugs. Analgesic, antipyretics, and antihistamines are the highest among OTC stocked at home. About 61.3% students have knowledge of Adverse Drug Reactions associated with OTC drugs.

Conclusion: Use of OTC drugs is common form of health care having potential benefits and health hazards. Awareness should be created among students to restrict the use of self-medication and pharmacists toward sale of drugs without prescription.

Key words: Over-The-Counter Drugs; Self Medication; Cross Sectional Study


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hiremath G, Hiremath S, Omkar P. A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021


Web Style

Hiremath G, Hiremath S, Omkar P. A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=99671 [Access: September 03, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hiremath G, Hiremath S, Omkar P. A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hiremath G, Hiremath S, Omkar P. A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021



Harvard Style

Hiremath, G., Hiremath, . S. & Omkar, . P. (2022) A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021



Turabian Style

Hiremath, Geetanjali, Shrikant Hiremath, and Pratibha Omkar. 2022. A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021



Chicago Style

Hiremath, Geetanjali, Shrikant Hiremath, and Pratibha Omkar. "A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hiremath, Geetanjali, Shrikant Hiremath, and Pratibha Omkar. "A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hiremath, G., Hiremath, . S. & Omkar, . P. (2022) A study on use of over-the-counter drugs among 2nd year medical students – A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.11.07255202124072021