E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Background: Many clinical and epidemiological studies have used handgrip strength (HGS), which is a noninvasive, simple, and fast measure. It is also considered as the most trustworthy clinical estimation of human strength. HGS is influenced by various factors such as age, body size, posture, and gender, i.e., it shows sexual dimorphism. Aggression is also one such trait that shows sexual dimorphism.

Aims and Objective: To examine the relationship between HGS and aggression in 137 first-year medical students (female students = 69, male students = 68).

Materials and Methods: HGS was determined using handgrip dynamometer, and aggression scores were assessed by Buss–Perry Questionnaire. Gender-wise difference was analyzed by Student’s unpaired “t” test. Correlation between HGS and the various subscales of aggression was assessed by calculating Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Results: Male subjects showed higher HGS than female subjects. There was a significantly higher score for physical aggression among male than female subjects, i.e., it showed significant sexual dimorphism. We found a significant positive correlation between HGS and physical aggression in male subjects only.

Conclusion: These results may be attributed to the effects of testosterone on muscles strength and the organizational effect of testosterone on adult physical aggression in male subjects.

Key words: Aggression, Gender Difference, Handgrip Strength


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594


Web Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=207854 [Access: June 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2016), [cited June 01, 2022]; 6(2): 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594



Harvard Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep (2016) Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 6 (2), 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594



Turabian Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. 2016. Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (2), 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594



Chicago Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. "Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6 (2016), 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep. "Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6.2 (2016), 116-118. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Smrithi C Shetty, Kavana G Venkatappa, Shibin Girish Parakandy, EM Sparshadeep (2016) Handgrip strength and aggression in young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (2), 116-118. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0211201594