E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study

Aakash R Badgujar, Vijay K Joglekar.

Abstract
Background: Cardiovascular disease has emerged as a major health burden in the developing countries. There are significant differences in the prevalence of coronary artery disease exist with respect to gender, age, and ethnicity.

Aims and Objectives: This study was planned with an objective to study risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Material and Methods: The descriptive present study was carried out at tertiary care hospital, intensive care unit and medicine wards, and cardiology department of tertiary care hospital. A total of 300 cases of acute coronary syndrome were included in the present study.

Results: Seventy-four (52.85%) females and 56 (35%) males had hypercholesteremia. The difference was observed to be statistically significant (P = 0.0223). The decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, that is, ≤40 mg % were present in 52 (37.14%) females and 32 (20%) males and this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.0197). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels of ≥160 mg % were present in more number of females {n = 88 (62.85%)} than males {n = 40 (25%)}. This difference was found to be statistically significant (P = 0.0001). Hypertriglyceridemia was present in 66 (47.14%) females and 44 (27.5%) males. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.0128). Hence, the lipid profile abnormalities, namely, hypercholesteremia, hypertriglyceridemia, high LDL, and low HDL were significantly present in more numbers of females than in males.

Conclusion: Risk factors for AMI such as hypertension, diabetes, family history of premature CAD, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle are more common in females than males. Smoking was risk factor in males only. Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and low LDL cholesterol are important risk factors for acute coronary syndrome in females than males.

Key words: Acute myocardial infarction; Hypercholesteremia; Hypertriglyceridema; LDL Cholesterol


 
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Pubmed Style

Badgujar AR, Joglekar VK. Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022


Web Style

Badgujar AR, Joglekar VK. Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=10153 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Badgujar AR, Joglekar VK. Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Badgujar AR, Joglekar VK. Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022



Harvard Style

Badgujar, A. R. & Joglekar, . V. K. (2022) Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022



Turabian Style

Badgujar, Aakash R, and Vijay K Joglekar. 2022. Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022



Chicago Style

Badgujar, Aakash R, and Vijay K Joglekar. "Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Badgujar, Aakash R, and Vijay K Joglekar. "Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2046-2049. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Badgujar, A. R. & Joglekar, . V. K. (2022) Study of risk factors associated with acute myocardial infarction: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2046-2049. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04161202214042022