E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study

Vikram Singh Rathore, Arvind Kumar Gupta, Amit Kumar, Kamlesh Kanwar Shekhawat.

Abstract
Background: Chronic sinusitis, nasal polyps, and other sinus-related illnesses are common conditions that can be treated with endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). However, some patients may experience pain or discomfort after the procedure. Pre-emptive analgesia is a method used to reduce post-operative discomfort and the need for painkillers. Recently, there has been growing interest in studying the potential use of nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine as preventative analgesics in ESS.

Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine in reducing post-operative pain and opiate use in ESS patients, a randomized controlled trial.

Materials and Methods: Ninety patients were randomly selected and given nalbuphine, dexmedetomidine, or a placebo before anesthesia induction. Pain ratings, opioid use, and adverse effects were monitored during the post-operative period.

Results: The results showed that both nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine significantly reduced post-operative pain ratings and opioid usage compared to the placebo. Dexmedetomidine was found more effective than nalbuphine in reducing pain, and patients who received it experienced less nausea and vomiting in the first few days after surgery. However, the occurrence of sedation or respiratory depression was not significantly different among the groups.

Conclusion: The study concludes that nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine can effectively reduce post-operative pain and opiate use in ESS patients as preventative analgesia. Dexmedetomidine may be a better option due to its superior analgesic effect and lower incidence of nausea and vomiting. These findings may lead to improved pain management and patient satisfaction following ESS procedures.

Key words: Dexmedetomidine; Endoscopic Sinus Surgery; Nalbuphine; Opioid Consumption Preventive Analgesia; Post-operative Pain, Randomized Controlled Trial; Top of Form


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rathore VS, Gupta AK, Kumar A, Shekhawat KK. Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(11): 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023


Web Style

Rathore VS, Gupta AK, Kumar A, Shekhawat KK. Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=148634 [Access: February 01, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rathore VS, Gupta AK, Kumar A, Shekhawat KK. Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(11): 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rathore VS, Gupta AK, Kumar A, Shekhawat KK. Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2024]; 13(11): 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023



Harvard Style

Rathore, V. S., Gupta, . A. K., Kumar, . A. & Shekhawat, . K. K. (2023) Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (11), 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023



Turabian Style

Rathore, Vikram Singh, Arvind Kumar Gupta, Amit Kumar, and Kamlesh Kanwar Shekhawat. 2023. Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (11), 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023



Chicago Style

Rathore, Vikram Singh, Arvind Kumar Gupta, Amit Kumar, and Kamlesh Kanwar Shekhawat. "Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rathore, Vikram Singh, Arvind Kumar Gupta, Amit Kumar, and Kamlesh Kanwar Shekhawat. "Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.11 (2023), 2363-2368. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rathore, V. S., Gupta, . A. K., Kumar, . A. & Shekhawat, . K. K. (2023) Efficacy of preventive nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine analgesia for post-operative pain in endoscopic sinus surgery: A randomized controlled study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (11), 2363-2368. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.04193202325042023