E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata

Manab Nandy, Suhena Sarkar, Tanmoy Gangopadhyay, Shritama Banerjee.

Abstract
Background: There is an increased use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications as an aftermath of unfavorable conditions such as the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a need to estimate its use during this period.

Aims and Objectives: This study will help to find out the changing trend in the pattern of the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a 4-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive, observational, record-based study was conducted in Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. The data of consumption daily defined doses (in DDDs) of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs and data of total patient load in all the outpatient departments were obtained. The antidepressant and anti-anxiety drugs use was calculated in DDD/1000/patients/day for the years 2018–2021.

Results: There was sharp decrease in the aggregate use of antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications in the year 2020, which coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic, followed by sharp increase in their aggregate use in the year 2021.

Conclusion: The change in the trend of use of antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications was observed from the years 2018 to 2021. There was decreased use in 2020 due to less outpatient attendance, because of lockdown and transport unavailability, during COVID-19, followed by increased use in the year 2021, due to rise in mental problems as because of pandemic and lifting of lockdown.

Key words: Antidepressants; Anti-Anxiety Medications; COVID-19; Outpatients; Kolkata; Mental Health


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nandy M, Sarkar S, Gangopadhyay T, Banerjee S. An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(11): 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023


Web Style

Nandy M, Sarkar S, Gangopadhyay T, Banerjee S. An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=147783 [Access: February 01, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nandy M, Sarkar S, Gangopadhyay T, Banerjee S. An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(11): 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nandy M, Sarkar S, Gangopadhyay T, Banerjee S. An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited February 01, 2024]; 13(11): 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023



Harvard Style

Nandy, M., Sarkar, . S., Gangopadhyay, . T. & Banerjee, . S. (2023) An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (11), 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023



Turabian Style

Nandy, Manab, Suhena Sarkar, Tanmoy Gangopadhyay, and Shritama Banerjee. 2023. An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (11), 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023



Chicago Style

Nandy, Manab, Suhena Sarkar, Tanmoy Gangopadhyay, and Shritama Banerjee. "An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nandy, Manab, Suhena Sarkar, Tanmoy Gangopadhyay, and Shritama Banerjee. "An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.11 (2023), 2358-2362. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nandy, M., Sarkar, . S., Gangopadhyay, . T. & Banerjee, . S. (2023) An observational study on the changing trend in the use of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medications in outpatients over a four-year period including the COVID-19 pandemic period in Kolkata. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (11), 2358-2362. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.03160202325042023