E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India

Girish Sahni, Sukhjot Singh, Daljinder Singh, Ashish Kavia.

Abstract
Background: Continuous passive motion (CPM) is a common strategy for early post-operative rehabilitation of patients who have undergone knee surgery. During an early recovery time following primary total knee replacement (TKR), the efficiency of the CPM approach was evaluated in this study.

Aim and Objective: To determine the effectiveness of using a CPM device for individuals with poor ROM after a TKR as compared with non CPM device users.

Materials and Methods: Fifty-four TKR patients were distributed into two groups. CPM and exercises were given to the study group, while exercises were given to the control group only. All individuals were assessed for mean active range of motion (AROM), mean Knee Society Score (KSS), and the Western Ontario and MacMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index before and after surgery (WOMAC).

Results: The study group’s mean AROM was 81.7 ± 15.1, while the control group’s was 75.4 ± 21.8. The Study group had a mean KSS score of 135.7 ± 19.7 points, while the control group had a score of 134.2 ± 15.7. Between the two groups, there were no statistical differences. The Study group’s KSS functional score was 64.6 ± 8.4, compared to 61.1 ± 7.5 for the control group, yet there was a statistically significant difference between the groups at hospital discharge (P = 0.008). A statistically significant difference in pain level, joint stiffness, and function was also found between the two groups (37.1 ± 12.3 points for the CPM group and 23 ± 14.1 points for the control).

Conclusions: From these findings it suggests that CPM has no effect on improving clinical measures. The subjective assessment of pain level, joint stiffness, and functional ability, on the other hand, showed a substantial positive effect.

Key words: Continuous Passive Motion; Total Knee Replacement; Rehabilitation


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Girish Sahni
Articles by Sukhjot Singh
Articles by Daljinder Singh
Articles by Ashish Kavia
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sahni G, Singh S, Singh D, Kavia A. Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022


Web Style

Sahni G, Singh S, Singh D, Kavia A. Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=20279 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sahni G, Singh S, Singh D, Kavia A. Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sahni G, Singh S, Singh D, Kavia A. Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 01, 2022]; 12(10): 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022



Harvard Style

Sahni, G., Singh, . S., Singh, . D. & Kavia, . A. (2022) Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (10), 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022



Turabian Style

Sahni, Girish, Sukhjot Singh, Daljinder Singh, and Ashish Kavia. 2022. Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022



Chicago Style

Sahni, Girish, Sukhjot Singh, Daljinder Singh, and Ashish Kavia. "Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sahni, Girish, Sukhjot Singh, Daljinder Singh, and Ashish Kavia. "Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.10 (2022), 1556-1559. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sahni, G., Singh, . S., Singh, . D. & Kavia, . A. (2022) Effectiveness of continuous passive motion after total knee replacement: A randomized controlled trial from North India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1556-1559. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01054202228012022