E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research

Online Publishing Date:
14 / 06 / 2024

 


COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study

Jai Krishna M G, Riyaz Basha S, Anu Priya Mathew C, Sini R Krishnan, Vilas Revanappa Bhagavati, Selvi Thangaraj.


Abstract
Background: As a part of the COVID-19 preventive strategy, India began its vaccination drive on January 16, 2021, and was expanded in a phased manner. A significant percentage of India’s adult population is yet to receive the third dose. Hence, to know any hesitancy prevailing in undergraduate medical students who are supposed to be role models for the public, this study is undertaken.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to estimate the proportion and factors associated with COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a Government Medical College in Karnataka.

Materials and Methods: A mixed-method study was conducted among 420 undergraduate medical students at a Government Medical College in Karnataka. Students from all professional years of MBBS were selected for the study based on stratified random sampling. A semi-structured questionnaire and focus group discussions were used to collect data.

Results: Among 420 participants, 19.05% exhibited vaccine hesitancy, primarily driven by concerns about efficacy, safety, and the non-mandatory nature of precautionary doses. In contrast, fear of COVID-19 transmission, societal responsibility, and the availability of free vaccines were key motivators for vaccine acceptance among the majority. Using thematic analysis of focus group discussions, four key themes emerged were vaccine-related factors, personal factors, media influence, and external factors.

Conclusion: The results underscore the vital importance of education, communication, and public health initiatives in enhancing vaccine confidence and uptake among medical students, paving the way for more effective interventions in the future.

Key words: COVID-19; COVID-19 Vaccination; Medical Students; Vaccine Hesitancy; COVID-19 Precautionary Dose


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

G JKM, S RB, C APM, Krishnan SR, Bhagavati VR, Thangaraj S. COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024


Web Style

G JKM, S RB, C APM, Krishnan SR, Bhagavati VR, Thangaraj S. COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=203245 [Access: June 29, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

G JKM, S RB, C APM, Krishnan SR, Bhagavati VR, Thangaraj S. COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

G JKM, S RB, C APM, Krishnan SR, Bhagavati VR, Thangaraj S. COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, [cited June 29, 2024]; Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024



Harvard Style

G, J. K. M., S, . R. B., C, . A. P. M., Krishnan, . S. R., Bhagavati, . V. R. & Thangaraj, . S. (2024) COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024



Turabian Style

G, Jai Krishna M, Riyaz Basha S, Anu Priya Mathew C, Sini R Krishnan, Vilas Revanappa Bhagavati, and Selvi Thangaraj. 2024. COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024



Chicago Style

G, Jai Krishna M, Riyaz Basha S, Anu Priya Mathew C, Sini R Krishnan, Vilas Revanappa Bhagavati, and Selvi Thangaraj. "COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

G, Jai Krishna M, Riyaz Basha S, Anu Priya Mathew C, Sini R Krishnan, Vilas Revanappa Bhagavati, and Selvi Thangaraj. "COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. Web. 29 Jun 2024 doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

G, J. K. M., S, . R. B., C, . A. P. M., Krishnan, . S. R., Bhagavati, . V. R. & Thangaraj, . S. (2024) COVID-19 precautionary dose vaccine hesitancy among undergraduate medical students of a government medical college in Karnataka – A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Online First: 14 Jun, 2024. doi:10.5455/njppp.2024.14.05235202405062024