E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai.

Abstract
Background: The laborers constitute an important workforce in the society. Their working efficiency very much depends on their muscle strength. Hand grip strength (HGS) determines the muscular strength of an individual. Nutritional deficiency can affect the muscle strength in laborers. The current study was carried out to assess whether HGS can be useful as an indicator of nutritional status.

Aims and Objectives: To assess the relationship between handgrip strength and nutritional status in laborers and to compare it with sedentary counterparts.

Materials and Methods: This crosssectional study included 60 laborers and 60 age-matched sedentary counterparts (controls). HGS was measured with hand grip dynamometer. Anthropometric parameters were recorded by standard methods. Data obtained were tabulated and statistically analyzed.

Results: HGS and anthropometric parameters were significantly lower in laborers compared to controls. Moreover, all the variables of nutrition, the mean height, weight, body mass index, mid-upper arm circumference, arm muscle girth and arm muscle area in laborers, and sedentary counterparts showed significant positive correlation with the handgrip strength in laborers except for triceps skinfold thickness.

Conclusion: The study concluded that there exists a significant correlation between nutritional status and handgrip strength. Efforts should be taken to educate the workers on fundamentals of nutrition emphasizing role of good nutrition in improving work capacity.

Key words: Anthropometric Parameters; Handgrip Strength; Laborers


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by E. M. Sparshadeep
Articles by Vihar Joshi
Articles by Kavana G. Venkatappa
Articles by Mohandas Rai
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Mishra BK, Mohanty S. Dietary intake and nutritional anthropometry of the workers of INDAL, Hirakud. Anthropologist. 2009;11(2):99-107.
2. Bureau of Labour Statistics, U.S, Department of Labour. Construction Labourers: Occupational Outlook Handbook. 2009 Edition. New York: Skyhorse Publishing; 2009.
3. NTF Construction, The 3 Types of Construction Projects: Building, Heavy/Highway and Industrial. London; 2007. Available from: http://www.constructionace.com/blog/3- types-construction-projects-building-heavy-highway- andindustrial/. [Last cited on 2013 Sep 10].
4. Watters DA, Haffejee AA, Angorn IB, Duffy KJ. Nutritional assessment by hand grip dynamometry. S Afr Med J. 1985;68(8):585-7.
5. Skelton DA, Greig CA, Davies JM, Young A. Strength, power and related functional ability of healthy people aged 65-89 years. Age Ageing. 1994;23(5):371-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/23.5.371 [Pubmed]   
6. Bassey EJ, Harries UJ. Normal values for handgrip strength in 920 men and women aged over 65 years, and longitudinal changes over 4 years in 620 survivors. Clin Sci (Lond). 1993;84(3):331-7. https://doi.org/10.1042/cs0840331
7. Kaur N, Koley S. An association of nutritional status and hand grip strength in female labourers of North India. Anthropologist. 2010;12(4):237-43.
8. Pieterse S, Manandhar M, Ismail S. The association between nutritional status and handgrip strength in older Rwandan refugees. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(10):933-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601443 [Pubmed]   
9. Koley S, Pal Kaur S. Correlations of handgrip strength with selected hand-arm-anthropometric variables in Indian interuniversity female volleyball players. Asian J Sports Med. 2011;2(4):220-6. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34738 [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
10. Koley S, Kaur N, Sandhu JS. A study on hand grip strength in female labourers of Jalandhar, Punjab, India. J Life Sci. 2009;1(1):57-62.
11. Brozek J. The assessment of motor functions in adults. In: J Brozek, Schurch B, editors. Malnutrition and Behavior: Assessment of Key Issues. Nestle Foundation Publication Series. Vol. 4. Lausanne: Nestle Foundation; 1984. p. 268-79.
12. Vaz M, Thangam S, Prabhu A, Shetty PS. Maximal voluntary contraction as a functional indicator of adult chronic undernutrition. Br J Nutr. 1996;76(1):9-15. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19960005 [Pubmed]   
13. Jeejeebhoy KN. Nutritional assessment. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1998;27(2):347-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-8553(05)70007-8
14. McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL. Exercise physiology. Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance. 5th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2001.
15. Lehmann AB, Bassey EJ. Longitudinal weight changes over four years and associated health factors in 629 men and women aged over 65. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50(1):6-11.
16. Chilima DM, Ismail SJ. Nutrition and handgrip strength of older adults in rural Malawi. Public Health Nutr. 2001;4(1):11-7.
17. Harries AD. A comparison of hand-grip dynamometry and arm muscle size amongst Africans in North-East Nigeria. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr. 1985;39(4):309-13.
18. Varakamin C, Henry J, Golden M, Tontisirin K. Body composition and muscular strength in an elderly Thai population. Proc Nutr Soc. 1998;57:64A.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(6): 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016


Web Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=228990 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(6): 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2016), [cited December 01, 2022]; 6(6): 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016



Harvard Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai (2016) Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 6 (6), 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016



Turabian Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. 2016. Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (6), 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016



Chicago Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. "Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6 (2016), 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai. "Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 6.6 (2016), 510-514. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

E. M. Sparshadeep, Vihar Joshi, Kavana G. Venkatappa, Mohandas Rai (2016) Evaluation of handgrip strength as an indicator of nutritional status in laborers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6 (6), 510-514. doi:10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0513206062016