E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension

Randhir Singh, Hemant Saini, Narendra Kumar Sah.

Abstract
Background: From the past few decades, disturbed sleep pattern has grown to be a hallmark of modern-day society among the adolescents and in adults. Both are having disturbed sleep patterns with average sleep duration of 7 h per night. Smartphones, tablets, and television which are the remarkable source of information and entertainment have robbed sleep time and have led to voluntary sleep restriction as self-reported by them and it has become a serious barrier to health development. Along with-it, high blood pressure (BP) levels are influenced by high body mass index (BMI) and low cardiorespiratory fitness which are among the most important cardiovascular disease risk factors. However, how sleep attenuates the individuals BMI, cardiorespiratory fitness and BP in adolescents are uncertain.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze whether the disturbed sleep pattern is a mediator between body composition, Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and BP levels in young adolescents.

Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study which involved students of MMIMSR (n = 500), of which 250 male and 250 female participants were recruited. Initial explanation about the aim and purpose of the study, test procedure, method of testing, and instruction of how to perform the test was given. All the participants were examined under similar laboratory conditions. Detailed history with thorough clinical examination were done. All basal parameters such as heart rate, BP, and respiratory rate were also measured.

Results: In our study, disturbed sleep patterns were highly significantly (P < 0.01) associated with high BMI which acted as a mediator between low CRF and high BP in both the participants. Our results highlighted the importance of a sleep in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, CRF and to prevent hypertension in young adolescents.

Conclusion: The findings of our study are consistent with the hypothesis that disturbed sleep might be one of the reasons which influence BMI and long-term cardiovascular health.

Key words: Sleep; Body Mass Index; Blood Pressure; Cardiorespiratory fitness


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Singh R, Saini H, Sah NK. Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022


Web Style

Singh R, Saini H, Sah NK. Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=23943 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Singh R, Saini H, Sah NK. Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Singh R, Saini H, Sah NK. Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022



Harvard Style

Singh, R., Saini, . H. & Sah, . N. K. (2022) Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022



Turabian Style

Singh, Randhir, Hemant Saini, and Narendra Kumar Sah. 2022. Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022



Chicago Style

Singh, Randhir, Hemant Saini, and Narendra Kumar Sah. "Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Singh, Randhir, Hemant Saini, and Narendra Kumar Sah. "Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2099-2104. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Singh, R., Saini, . H. & Sah, . N. K. (2022) Sleep attenuates body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, and its effect on blood pressure in young adolescents: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers, and early risk of hypertension. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2099-2104. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05193202206052022