E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males

Keba Jeeva, Paramita Bhattacharya.

Abstract
Background: Post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is a physiological phenomenon of fall in blood pressure (BP) from basal value following exercise. Therefore, it can be used as a physiological method to treat hypertension. Obesity is known to be associated with hypertension. However, the association between body mass index (BMI) and PEH is unknown.

Aims and Objective: The aim and objective are to compare the maximum PEH between healthy adult males with normal BMI and those with above normal BMI.

Materials and Methods: Sixty healthy, young male participants with normal BMI (18.5–24.9) and BMI above >25 kg/m2 (n = 30 in each group) were recruited. After recording basal heart rate and BP, the participants were made to walk on a treadmill at 50% of their VO2 max for 20 min. Six post-exercise BP values at 5-min intervals were recorded. Data were analyzed using Mann–Whitney U-test.

Results: The maximum systolic PEH was significantly greater (P < 0.01) in normal BMI group (median = 7 vs. 5) than the higher BMI group. However, the maximum post-exercise diastolic PEH was comparable between the groups. Spearman correlation test revealed a significant negative correlation between BMI and fall in systolic BP after exercise (r = −0.52, P < 0.01) for the pooled data.

Conclusion: Therefore, it is concluded that BMI has a negative effect on the post-exercise systolic PEH. Hence, BMI must be taken into consideration while devising an exercise regimen for an individual as part of their lifestyle modification.

Key words: Post-exercise Hypotension; Body Mass Index; Blood Pressure; Exercise


 
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Pubmed Style

Jeeva K, Bhattacharya P. Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018


Web Style

Jeeva K, Bhattacharya P. Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=2626 [Access: February 02, 2024]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jeeva K, Bhattacharya P. Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jeeva K, Bhattacharya P. Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited February 02, 2024]; 8(10): 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018



Harvard Style

Jeeva, K. & Bhattacharya, . P. (2018) Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (10), 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018



Turabian Style

Jeeva, Keba, and Paramita Bhattacharya. 2018. Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (10), 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018



Chicago Style

Jeeva, Keba, and Paramita Bhattacharya. "Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jeeva, Keba, and Paramita Bhattacharya. "Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.10 (2018), 1457-1462. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jeeva, K. & Bhattacharya, . P. (2018) Effect of body mass index on post-exercise hypotension in healthy adult males. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (10), 1457-1462. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724808082018