E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital

Nokethonu Chaya, Sujata Gurung, Sangay Tamang.

Abstract
Background: It has been assessed that around 32 million pregnant women are affected by anemia globally.

Aim and Objective: The aim of this study was to assess anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient department of Central Referral Hospital and to assess the risk factors associated with anemia.

Materials and Methods: Venous blood was collected from 250 antenatal women to access the hemoglobin level, red blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV), mean cell hemoglobin (MCH), and mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and platelet count. Pretested questionnaires with a face to face interview to assess the risk factors associated with anemia were carried out.

Results: The general prevalence of anemia in the antenatal group was 13.6%. Furthermore, the prevalence of anemia (P = 0.031) was more among multiparas (14.70%) then primiparas (12.60%). Furthermore, we found that anemia was more common in patients residing in rural areas (79.50%) than in urban areas (20.50%). Furthermore, the educational qualification of the subjects was significantly related to anemia (P = 0.006) with the percentage prevalence of anemia most common among high school group (27.20%) then graduates (8.20%) and postgraduates (4.70%).

Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women in Sikkim was found to be low with iron deficiency anemia being the most common, but other causes of anemia were also found to be substantial. Hence, a detailed community-based studies to assess the true burden as well as causes of this disease are imperative to further decrease its prevalence.

Key words: Anemia; Pregnancy; Hemoglobin


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chaya N, Gurung S, Tamang S. A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022


Web Style

Chaya N, Gurung S, Tamang S. A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=33562 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chaya N, Gurung S, Tamang S. A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chaya N, Gurung S, Tamang S. A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 02, 2023]; 12(12): 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022



Harvard Style

Chaya, N., Gurung, . S. & Tamang, . S. (2022) A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022



Turabian Style

Chaya, Nokethonu, Sujata Gurung, and Sangay Tamang. 2022. A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022



Chicago Style

Chaya, Nokethonu, Sujata Gurung, and Sangay Tamang. "A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chaya, Nokethonu, Sujata Gurung, and Sangay Tamang. "A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2138-2143. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chaya, N., Gurung, . S. & Tamang, . S. (2022) A cross-sectional study on prevalence of anemia and its predictors among pregnant women attending antenatal outpatient clinic at central referral hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2138-2143. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.05202202212052022