E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study

Dibakar Das, Rajesh Ranjan Das, Evalyn Singnarpi, Susmita Dutta.

Abstract
Background: Anemia is a very important preventable nutritional disorder affecting pregnant ladies which may have some adverse effects on the neonatal survival and development. Birth weight was correlated with changes in maternal hemoglobin concentration in various trimesters as it is important for determining child survival and development.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between maternal hemoglobin levels in various trimesters and neonatal birth weight.

Materials and Methods: The study enrolled all pregnant women within age group 15–35 years who gave birth at Agartala Government Medical College and GBP Hospital from June 15, 2017 to August 15, 2017. Pregnant women were included into the study following delivery by simple random sampling into cases (Pregnant women who delivered low birth weight babies <2500 g) and control group (Pregnant women who delivered normal birth weight babies ≥2500 g). Antenatal data were collected from hospital case sheet and labor room register. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented as Mean + SD. P < 0.05 (P < 0.05) was considered statistically significant.

Results: Mean hemoglobin concentration was normal (˃11 g/dl) in all three trimesters among the controls but it is found to be <11 g/dl in second and third trimesters of the case group. The mean birth weight of the babies was 2.151(± 0.2386) kg in case group and 3.047(± 0.3666) kg in control group.

Conclusions: It was found that maternal hemoglobin concentration has a positive correlation (r > 0) with neonatal birth weight in all three trimesters in both cases and controls which is statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Key words: Anemia; Singleton Pregnancy; Birth Weight; Maternal Hemoglobin; Trimester


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Das D, Das RR, Singnarpi E, Dutta S. Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(3): 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022


Web Style

Das D, Das RR, Singnarpi E, Dutta S. Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=43837 [Access: November 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Das D, Das RR, Singnarpi E, Dutta S. Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2023; 13(3): 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Das D, Das RR, Singnarpi E, Dutta S. Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2023), [cited November 02, 2023]; 13(3): 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022



Harvard Style

Das, D., Das, . R. R., Singnarpi, . E. & Dutta, . S. (2023) Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 13 (3), 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022



Turabian Style

Das, Dibakar, Rajesh Ranjan Das, Evalyn Singnarpi, and Susmita Dutta. 2023. Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (3), 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022



Chicago Style

Das, Dibakar, Rajesh Ranjan Das, Evalyn Singnarpi, and Susmita Dutta. "Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13 (2023), 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Das, Dibakar, Rajesh Ranjan Das, Evalyn Singnarpi, and Susmita Dutta. "Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 13.3 (2023), 520-524. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Das, D., Das, . R. R., Singnarpi, . E. & Dutta, . S. (2023) Maternal anemia in various trimesters of singleton pregnancies and its correlation with birth weight: An observational study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 13 (3), 520-524. doi:10.5455/njppp.2023.13.06259202215072022