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Original Research 


Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum

Rajathi Rajendran, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Vinod Vishwanath Kolar, Nandeesha Hanumanthappa, Senthil Kumar Subramanian.

Abstract
Background: The association between adiposity and diabetes has been widely assessed using body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR), whereas these variables are inadequate to differentiate between muscle mass, fat mass, and bone mass.

Aims and Objectives: The objective of the present study is to assess the somatotype pattern (subcutaneous fat mass distribution) and body fat percentage (%) in complete glycemic spectrum.

Materials and Methods: Skinfold thickness, BMI, WC, hip circumference (HC), and WHR were measured in normoglycemic non-first-degree relatives of diabetes (Group 1), normoglycemic first-degree relatives of diabetes (Group 2), prediabetes (Group 3), and type 2 diabetes patients (Group 4).

Results: The groups are comparable based on gender distribution, age, height, weight, physical activity, BMI, WC, HC, WHR, and somatotyping. Body fat percentage is significantly high in first-degree relatives of diabetes, prediabetes, and diabetes group as compared to control, in while all other groups are comparable among themselves.

Conclusion: Body fat percentage can be considered as a better indicator of metabolic derangement than BMI, WC, HC, WHR, and somatotyping in the complete glycemic spectrum.

Key words: Adiposity; Diabetes; Somatotyping


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rajendran R, Sharma VK, Ananthakrishnan R, Kolar VV, Hanumanthappa N, Subramanian SK. Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022


Web Style

Rajendran R, Sharma VK, Ananthakrishnan R, Kolar VV, Hanumanthappa N, Subramanian SK. Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=4421 [Access: February 03, 2023]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rajendran R, Sharma VK, Ananthakrishnan R, Kolar VV, Hanumanthappa N, Subramanian SK. Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(12): 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rajendran R, Sharma VK, Ananthakrishnan R, Kolar VV, Hanumanthappa N, Subramanian SK. Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited February 03, 2023]; 12(12): 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022



Harvard Style

Rajendran, R., Sharma, . V. K., Ananthakrishnan, . R., Kolar, . V. V., Hanumanthappa, . N. & Subramanian, . S. K. (2022) Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (12), 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022



Turabian Style

Rajendran, Rajathi, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Vinod Vishwanath Kolar, Nandeesha Hanumanthappa, and Senthil Kumar Subramanian. 2022. Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022



Chicago Style

Rajendran, Rajathi, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Vinod Vishwanath Kolar, Nandeesha Hanumanthappa, and Senthil Kumar Subramanian. "Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rajendran, Rajathi, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Vinod Vishwanath Kolar, Nandeesha Hanumanthappa, and Senthil Kumar Subramanian. "Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.12 (2022), 2120-2125. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rajendran, R., Sharma, . V. K., Ananthakrishnan, . R., Kolar, . V. V., Hanumanthappa, . N. & Subramanian, . S. K. (2022) Comparison of body composition using body mass index, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, hip circumference, and somatotyping across complete glycemic spectrum. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (12), 2120-2125. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.04155202210052022