E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults

John A. Lyngdoh, Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, Rituparna Barooah.

Abstract
Background: Animal physiology and behavior have indicated to be strongly influenced by change in seasons. In a similar way, the human body is also found to be sensitive to environmental changes like changes of seasons. Variation in conception, birth rate, immune responses, metabolism, and body composition has been shown to follow a seasonal pattern.

Aims and Objectives: Hence, the aim of the study is to determine if there is a seasonal variation of body fat percentage (BF%), basal metabolic rate (BMR), and serum lipids in healthy sedentary urban adults in two seasons, toward the end of summer and toward the end of winter.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study observing seasonal variation of BF%, BMR, and serum lipids in 30 healthy sedentary urban adults consisting of 23 males and seven females age 20–60 years. Anthropometric data such as age, sex, weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were taken and measured. Venous blood was collected for estimating fasting value of serum lipids. BF% was assessed by dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry scan. BMR was calculated from height, weight, and age using Harris–Benedict equation.

Results: Significant seasonal variation of BF%, BMR, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is seen in the overall participants. Significant seasonal variation of BF% and LDL is seen in the obese category of participants.

Conclusion: There is seasonal variation of BF%, BMR, and serum lipids between the end of summer and end of winter. There is also a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and BF%, BMR, and LDL and HDL. There is also a positive correlation between BF% and BMI, BMR, HDL, and LDL.

Key words: Basal Metabolic Rate; Body Fat Percentage; Seasonal Variation; Serum Lipids


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(9): 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019


Web Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=55310 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(9): 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited December 01, 2022]; 9(9): 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Harvard Style

Lyngdoh, J. A., Chutia, . H., Lynser, . D., Ruram, . A. A. & Barooah, . R. (2019) Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (9), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Turabian Style

Lyngdoh, John A., Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, and Rituparna Barooah. 2019. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (9), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Chicago Style

Lyngdoh, John A., Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, and Rituparna Barooah. "Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Lyngdoh, John A., Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, and Rituparna Barooah. "Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.9 (2019), 920-925. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Lyngdoh, J. A., Chutia, . H., Lynser, . D., Ruram, . A. A. & Barooah, . R. (2019) Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (9), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019