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Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere

Sushma H K, Renuka B G, Apoorva B M, Srinivas L D, Narendranath S, Shashikala G H.

Abstract
Background: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): A global pandemic, in view of which nation-wide lockdown was imposed, which has affected life of people with diabetes and hypertension. Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of lockdown on patient compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in patients of diabetes or hypertension or both, in the city of Davangere, Karnataka.

Materials and Methods: A questionnaire-based prospective observational study was done in the city of Davangere, Karnataka for 3 months after obtaining consent from patients. Adult patients who have been diagnosed to either diabetes or hypertension or both were identified and their compliance to the treatment and adherence to lifestyle modifications during lockdown period was studied using a questionnaire.

Results: The study involved a total of 100 patients with diabetes and/hypertension, among which 79 were males, 21 females, and maximum number of patients were middle aged (40–60 years). A number of patients compliant and adherent to medication were 87 before lockdown but 60 during lockdown. Similarly, lockdown has affected follow-up of patients, monitoring of parameters, diet, exercise, and pscychological health of patients.

Conclusion: The observations in our study emphasize that, nation-wide lockdown in view of COVID-19 infection, has adversely affected life style habits, compliance, and adherence to medication, also the pscychological health of patients with diabetes and hypertension, which would further affect their disease process.

Key words: Diabetes; Hypertension; Compliance; Lockdown; Coronavirus Disease-2019


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

K SH, G RB, M AB, D SL, S N, H SG. Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022


Web Style

K SH, G RB, M AB, D SL, S N, H SG. Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=139753 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

K SH, G RB, M AB, D SL, S N, H SG. Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

K SH, G RB, M AB, D SL, S N, H SG. Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 01, 2022]; 12(10): 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022



Harvard Style

K, S. H., G, . R. B., M, . A. B., D, . S. L., S, . N. & H, . S. G. (2022) Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (10), 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022



Turabian Style

K, Sushma H, Renuka B G, Apoorva B M, Srinivas L D, Narendranath S, and Shashikala G H. 2022. Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022



Chicago Style

K, Sushma H, Renuka B G, Apoorva B M, Srinivas L D, Narendranath S, and Shashikala G H. "Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

K, Sushma H, Renuka B G, Apoorva B M, Srinivas L D, Narendranath S, and Shashikala G H. "Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.10 (2022), 1578-1582. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

K, S. H., G, . R. B., M, . A. B., D, . S. L., S, . N. & H, . S. G. (2022) Study to evaluate compliance and adherence to lifestyle modifications in diabetic and/hypertensive patients, during lockdown period due to COVID-19 in sample population of Davangere. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1578-1582. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.12473202130022022