E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study

Rajesh Desai, Dharmesh Patel, Amit Makwana, Ravi Thaker, Jayraj Patel.

Abstract
Background: As per Livestock Census 2019, Banaskantha district shares 9.4% of livestock of Gujarat. About 80–83% of farmers practicing dairy farming in Banaskantha district have low to medium level of knowledge about zoonotic diseases. The practice of handling livestock and its determinants among different populations of Banaskantha district is yet to be studied.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess level of awareness and hygienic practice of handling livestock and its determinants among the livestock handlers of Banaskantha district.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 172 livestock handlers of nine villages of Banaskantha district. The questionnaire included demographics, knowledge about zoonotic diseases, and practices for handling livestock. One score was given for correct knowledge and practice and “zero” score was given for incorrect knowledge and practice. There were maximum 20 scores for knowledge and practice each.

Results: Livestock handlers were well aware of rabies but knowledge of other zoonotic disease was very less. Average knowledge and practice score was 12.76 and 12.39 out of 20, respectively. About 1/3rd of livestock handlers (33.1%) were following hygienic practice very well. Practice score was higher in male livestock handlers and those who received training and livestock handlers with more number of animals.

Conclusion: Practice of use of gloves, not using milk during treatment of cattle, testing of animal before purchase, and safe disposal of infected material were very less prevalent. Training should be focused on conveying the importance of correct practicing especially to female livestock handlers with few numbers of animals.

Key words: Knowledge; Livestock; Practice; Zoonotic Disease


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Desai R, Patel D, Makwana A, Thaker R, Patel J. Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022


Web Style

Desai R, Patel D, Makwana A, Thaker R, Patel J. Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=22098 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Desai R, Patel D, Makwana A, Thaker R, Patel J. Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Desai R, Patel D, Makwana A, Thaker R, Patel J. Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 01, 2022]; 12(10): 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022



Harvard Style

Desai, R., Patel, . D., Makwana, . A., Thaker, . R. & Patel, . J. (2022) Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (10), 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022



Turabian Style

Desai, Rajesh, Dharmesh Patel, Amit Makwana, Ravi Thaker, and Jayraj Patel. 2022. Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022



Chicago Style

Desai, Rajesh, Dharmesh Patel, Amit Makwana, Ravi Thaker, and Jayraj Patel. "Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Desai, Rajesh, Dharmesh Patel, Amit Makwana, Ravi Thaker, and Jayraj Patel. "Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.10 (2022), 1595-1599. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Desai, R., Patel, . D., Makwana, . A., Thaker, . R. & Patel, . J. (2022) Practice of handling livestock and its determinant among livestock handlers of Banaskantha district of Gujarat – A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1595-1599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01056202203022022