E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India

Sana Siddiqui, Tanwir Alam, Arbind Kumar Choudhary, Arshiya Khan.

Abstract
Background: High blood pressure and proteinuria are the hallmarks of pre-eclampsia, which develops after the 20th week of pregnancy. Even while pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) has been linked to an increased risk of pre-eclampsia in multiple studies in India, very few studies examine the condition’s causes. This kind of research is lacking among the North Indian population. This cross-sectional study examines the factors contributing to pre-eclampsia in the North Indian population. It is possible to use this study’s findings to undertake appropriate actions.

Aim and Objective: We sought to determine if pre-pregnancy BMI and pre-eclampsia are linked among pregnant women in the North Indian community.

Materials and Methods: Participants (n = 270) were enrolled under the inclusion/exclusion criteria. A sphygmomanometer was manually used to measure the patient’s blood pressure. A positive dipstick test or the presence of 300 mg of protein in a 24-h urine sample was used to diagnose pre-eclampsia. A person’s weight and height were used to calculate their BMI (kg/m2). In India, the new weight-for-height ranges are: Underweight (18.5 kg/m2), normal or lean (18.5–22.9 kg/m2), overweight (23.0–24.9 kg/m2), and obese (25 kg/m2).

Result: There were three obese pre-eclampsia patients (23–24.9 BMI) and eight pre-eclampsia patients with pre-pregnancy BMIs of 25 or higher, including three overweight patients. There were no patients with pre-eclampsia in the pre-pregnancy BMI groups of underweight (18.5) and normal (18.5–22.9). There were three cases of mild pre-eclampsia (MP) in women with a pre-pregnancy BMI of 30 or more. Still, no cases of severe pre-eclampsia (SP) or late onset preeclampsia (LOP) and no cases of early onset preeclampsia (EOP) were documented in the category of overweight women. Seven obese (25 BMI) pre-eclamptic women developed MP, whereas one patient developed MP following delivery. Seven cases of LOP, one case of SP, and one case of EOP were found in this category.

Conclusion: A high pre-pregnancy BMI was found to be an independent risk factor for pre-eclampsia, and there was a link found between pre-eclampsia and a high pre-pregnancy BMI. Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for women in their reproductive years, and a healthy BMI can be maintained with proper monitoring, nutritional counseling, and other methods.

Key words: Blood Pressure; Body Mass Index; Obesity; Pregnancy; Preeclampsia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Siddiqui S, Alam T, Choudhary AK, Khan A. An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201


Web Style

Siddiqui S, Alam T, Choudhary AK, Khan A. An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=3487 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Siddiqui S, Alam T, Choudhary AK, Khan A. An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Siddiqui S, Alam T, Choudhary AK, Khan A. An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 01, 2022]; 12(10): 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201



Harvard Style

Siddiqui, S., Alam, . T., Choudhary, . A. K. & Khan, . A. (2022) An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (10), 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201



Turabian Style

Siddiqui, Sana, Tanwir Alam, Arbind Kumar Choudhary, and Arshiya Khan. 2022. An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201



Chicago Style

Siddiqui, Sana, Tanwir Alam, Arbind Kumar Choudhary, and Arshiya Khan. "An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Siddiqui, Sana, Tanwir Alam, Arbind Kumar Choudhary, and Arshiya Khan. "An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.10 (2022), 1588-1594. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Siddiqui, S., Alam, . T., Choudhary, . A. K. & Khan, . A. (2022) An association between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index and the risk of pre-eclampsia in the North India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1588-1594. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.0105620220302202201