E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS

Chandrika Teli, Nilesh Kate.

Abstract
Background: Multiple choice questions (MCQs) are preferred tools of assessment because of objectivity, ease of scoring and how each MCQ functions as an item can be understood by Item analysis.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was (i) to carry out item analysis of MCQs used in formative assessment to know the validity and (ii) to carry out a post validation item analysis of MCQ’s of 1st MBBS students in anatomy to use results for further actions.

Materials and Methods: 45 MCQs were administered to 112 students of 1st M.B.B.S. as a formative assessment. Difficulty index and Discrimination index were calculated.

Results: Mean difficulty index was 56.67 ± 22.09, and mean discrimination index was 0.35 ± 0.23. Distribution of easy, moderate, and difficult MCQ was 20, 67, and 13%, respectively. About 20% of MCQs were poor, 20% with acceptable discriminating index, 27% had good, and 33% MCQ were of excellent discrimination index. No item was negatively discriminating and all distractor were functional. Very easy and very difficult items had poor discriminating index.

Conclusion: Most of items had moderate difficulty and good to excellent discrimination. Too easy and too difficult items showcased poor discrimination, no negatively discriminating item and absence of non-functional distractor suggest good quality framing of the MCQs.

Key words: Item Analysis; Facility Index; Discrimination Index; Single Best Response Multiple Choice Question


 
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Pubmed Style

Teli C, Kate N. Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022


Web Style

Teli C, Kate N. Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=3462 [Access: December 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Teli C, Kate N. Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(10): 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Teli C, Kate N. Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited December 01, 2022]; 12(10): 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022



Harvard Style

Teli, C. & Kate, . N. (2022) Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (10), 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022



Turabian Style

Teli, Chandrika, and Nilesh Kate. 2022. Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022



Chicago Style

Teli, Chandrika, and Nilesh Kate. "Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Teli, Chandrika, and Nilesh Kate. "Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.10 (2022), 1529-1532. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Teli, C. & Kate, . N. (2022) Item analysis of multiple-choice questions in anatomy for first year MBBS. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (10), 1529-1532. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.01029202227012022